Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Women and Child Development
05-December-2018 10:28 IST

WCD Ministry to formulate guidelines for Children's Hostels

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is formulating guidelines for children's hostels, prescribing the minimum standards of care that should be provided to children. This comes in the wake of institutions, housing children on the request of parents who are unable to take care of them and their education or due to other circumstances which force parents to keep them at children's homes, not registering under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
The Supreme Court in its Order in the case of “Exploitation of Children in Orphanages in the State of Tamil Nadu” Vs. Union of India [Writ Petition (Criminal) No. 102 of 2007] has directed that the definition of the expression ‘child in need of care and protection’ under Section 2 (14) of the JJ Act, 2015 should not be interpreted as an exhaustive definition. The definition is illustrative and the benefits envisaged for the children in need of care and protection should be extended to all such children requiring State care and protection. Further, vide the same order, the Union and the State Governments have been directed to enforce minimum standards of care required for such children living in any facility either created by the Government system or by civil society organisations.

In view of the directions of the Apex Court in Writ Petition (Criminal) No. 102 of 2007, the Ministry is drafting the guidelines which will be applicable to any institution not falling under the categories mentioned in the JJ Act. 

Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, Union Minister for Women and Child Development, said, "Children staying at hostels, including those attached to schools, are as vulnerable as children at any other facility like child-care institutions (CCIs) and day-care centres. Therefore, we decided to formulate a set of guidelines to ensure adequate safety, minimum standard of living conditions and periodic inspections at hostels. The Ministry has directed the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights to draft the guidelines in consultation with stakeholders concerned and we plan to have these guidelines notified under the Juvenile Justice Act or the JJ Rules".

To ensure safety and well-being of children even at school hostels, Ministry WCD will be sharing the guidelines with the Ministry of Human Resource Development for dissemination among schools providing boarding facility.

The Juvenile Justice Act 2015 defines the child in need of care and protection as under:-

“child in need of care and protection” means a child – 
  • who is found without any home or settled place of abode and without any ostensible means of subsistence; or 
  • who is found working in contravention of labour laws for the time being in force or is found begging, or living on the street; or 
  • who resides with a person (whether a guardian of the child or not) and such person- 
  • has injured, exploited, abused or neglected the child or has violated any other law for the time being in force meant for the protection of child; or 
  • has threatened to kill, injure, exploit or abuse the child and there is a reasonable likelihood of the threat being carried out; or 
  • has killed, abused, neglected or exploited some other child or children and there is a reasonable likelihood of the child in question being killed, abused, exploited or neglected by that person; or 
  • who is mentally ill or mentally or physically challenged or suffering from terminal or incurable disease, having no one to support or look after or having parents or guardians unfit to take care, if found so by the Board or the Committee; or 
  • who has a parent or guardian and such parent or guardian is found to be unfit or incapacitated, by the Committee or the Board, to care for and protect the safety and well-being of the child; or 
  • who does not have parents and no one is willing to take care of, or whose parents have abandoned or surrendered him; or 
  • who is missing or run away child, or whose parents cannot be found after making reasonable inquiry in such manner as may be prescribed; or 
  • who has been or is being or is likely to be abused, tortured or exploited for the purpose of sexual abuse or illegal acts; or 
  • who is found vulnerable and is likely to be inducted into drug abuse or trafficking; or 
  • who is being or is likely to be abused for unconscionable gains; or 
  • who is victim of or affected by any armed conflict, civil unrest or natural calamity; or 
  • who is at imminent risk of marriage before attaining the age of marriage and whose parents, family members, guardian and any other persons are likely to be responsible for solemnisation of such marriage;” 
The Ministry had notified all states/UTs to undertake inspection of all CCIs and related facilities and to ensure their registration. As per Section 41 of the Juvenile Justice Act 2015, registration of all Child Care Institutions, whether funded by Government or not, is mandatory. The penalty of non-registration is prescribed under Section 42 of the Act. The Minister added that registration under the JJ Act is also mandatory for all CCIs running in the form of hostels.

पत्र सूचना कार्यालय 
भारत सरकार
महिला और बाल विकास मंत्रालय 
05-दिसंबर-2018 10:28 IST

महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्रालय बच्चों के आश्रय स्थलों के बारे में दिशा-निर्देश तैयार करेगा 

महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्रालय बच्चों के आश्रय स्थलों के बारे में दिशा-निर्देश तैयार करेगा। इसके तहत बच्चों को उपलब्ध कराए जाने वाली सुविधा के लिए न्यूनतम मानक तय किये जाएंगे। यह फैसला इसलिए लिया गया है क्योंकि ऐसे कई संस्थान हैं, जो बाल न्याय (बाल सुविधा एवं सुरक्षा) अधिनियम, 2015 के तहत पंजीकृत नहीं हैं, जबकि अपने बच्चों की देखभाल करने और उन्हें पढ़ाने-लिखाने में अक्षम माता-पिता अपने बच्चों को इन संस्थानों के आश्रय स्थलों में भर्ती करने पर मजबूर हो जाते हैं।
सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने ‘तमिलनाडु में अनाथालयों में बच्चों का शोषण’ बनाम भारत संघ (आपराधिक याचिका संख्या 102/2007) में आदेश दिया है कि बाल न्याय अधिनियम, 2015 की धारा 2(14) के तहत ‘देखभाल और सुरक्षा के लिए बच्चे की आवश्यकता’ को व्यापक परिभाषा के रूप में नहीं माना जाना चाहिए। यह परिभाषा प्रतीकात्मक और बच्चों को देखभाल तथा सुरक्षा के लाभ समान रूप से उन सभी बच्चों को दिए जाने चाहिए, जिन्हें राज्य की देखभाल और सुरक्षा की जरूरत है। इस निर्णय के मद्देनजर महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्रालय दिशा-निर्देश तैयार कर रहा है।

महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्री श्रीमती मेनका संजय गांधी ने कहा है कि स्कूलों से जुड़े छात्रावासों सहित अन्य संस्थानों और केन्द्रों के आश्रय स्थलों में रहने वाले बच्चों को समान सुरक्षा और देखभाल की जरूरत है। उन्होंने कहा कि इसलिए हमने फैसला किया है कि बच्चों को समुचित सुरक्षा और उचित देखभाल के लिए दिशा-निर्देश तैयार किए जाएं, जिसमें आश्रय स्थलों का निरीक्षण भी शामिल है। मंत्रालय जल्द इन दिशा-निर्देशों को मानव संसाधन विकास मंत्रालय के साथ साझा करेगा, ताकि बोर्डिंग सुविधा वाले स्कूलों में इसकी जानकारी दी जा सके।