As per 2001 population census 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total population of the country. In post- independence era while population of India has grown three times, the urban population has grown five times. The rising urban population has also given rise to increase in the number of urban poor.
- Planned urban perspective frameworks for a period of 20-25 years (with 5 yearly updates) indicating policies, programmes and strategies of meeting fund requirements would be prepared by every identified city. This perspective plan would be followed by preparation of Development Plans integrating land use with services, urban transport and environment management for every five year plan period.
- Cities/Urban Agglomerations/Parastatals will be required to prepare Detailed Project Reports for undertaking projects under identified areas.
- Private Sector Participation in development, management and financing of Urban Infrastructure would be clearly delineated.
- Funds for the identified cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency, which in turn would leverage, to the extent feasible, additional resources from the financial institutions/private sector/capital market.
- Funds from Central and State Government will flow directly to the nodal agency designated by the State, as grant. The nodal agency will disburse central assistance to ULBs or para-statal agencies as the case may be, as soft loan or grant-cum-loan or grant.
- A revolving fund will be created to meet the operation and maintenance costs of the assets created under the Mission.
- Focussed attention to integrated development of infrastructural services in the cities covered under the Mission.
- Secure effective linkages between asset creation and asset management so that the infrastructural services created in the cities are not only maintained efficiently but also become self-sustaining over time.
- Ensure adequate investment of funds to fulfill deficiencies in the urban infrastructural services.
- Planned development of identified cities including peri-urban areas, out growths, urban corridors, so that urbanization takes place in a dispersed manner.
- Scale up delivery of civic amenities and provision of utilities with emphasis on universal access to urban poor.
- To take up urban renewal programme, i.e., re-development of inner (old) cities area to reduce congestion.
- Urban Renewal i.e redevelopment of inner (old) city areas [this would include items like widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial/commercial establishments from non-conforming to `conforming’ areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn-out water pipes by new/higher capacity ones, renewal of sewerage/drainage/solid waste disposal systems, etc].
- Water Supply (including desalination plants) and sanitation
- Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
- Construction and improvement of drains/storm water drains
- Urban Transport, including roads, highways/expressways/ MRTS/metro projects.
- Parking lots/spaces on Public Private Partnership basis
- Development of heritage areas
- Prevention & rehabilitation of soil erosion/landslides only in case of Special Category States where such problems are common and
- Preservation of water bodies.
- Wage employment programme & staff component
|A||Cities/UAs with 4 million plus population as per 2001 census||07|
|B||Cities/UAs with 1 million plus but less than 4 million population as per 2001 Census||28|
|C||Selected Cities/UAs (State Capitals and other cities/UA of religious/historic and touristic importance)||28|
- i) Mandatory reforms
- ii) Optional reforms
- a. Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act;
- b. Amendment of Rent Control Act;
- Minister of Urban Development Chairman
- Minister for UEPA Co-Chairperson
- Secretary (UEPA) Member
- Secretary, Planning Commission Member
- Secretary (Expenditure) Member
- National Technical Advisor Member
- Secretary (Urban Development) Member-Convener
- Secretary (UD) Chairman
- Secretary (UEPA) Member
- Principal Adviser (HUD), Planning Commission Member
- Joint Secretary & FA Member
- Chief Planner, TCPO Member
- Adviser, CPHEEO Member
- CMD, HUDCO Member
- Joint Secretary (UD) Member-Secretary
Minister of Urban Development/Minister of Housing - Chairman
- a. Appraisal of projects submitted by ULBs/Para-statal agencies;
- b. Obtaining sanction of State Level Steering Committee for seeking assistance from Central Government under JNNURM;
- c. Management of grants received from Central and State Government;
- d. Release of funds to ULBs/Para-statal agencies either as grant, or soft loan or grant cum loan.
- e. Management of Revolving Fund
- f. Monitoring physical and financial progress of sanctioned projects;
- g. Monitoring implementation of reform as entered into MoA.
|Category of Cities/Towns/UAs||
ULB or Para-Statal Share/Loan from Financial Institutions
|Cities/UAs with 4 million plus population as per 2001 census||35 %||15 %||50 %|
|Cities/UAs with million plus but less than 4 million population as per 2001 census||50%||20%||30%|
|Cities/towns/UAs in North Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir||90%||10%||-|
|Cities/UAs other than those mentioned above||80%||10%||10%|
|For setting up de-salination plants within 20 Kms. from sea-shore and other urban areas predominantly facing water scarcity due to brackish water and non-availability of surface source.||80%||10%||10%|
- (a) Modern and transparent budgeting, accounting, financial management systems designed and adopted for all urban services and governance functions
- (b) City-wide framework for planning and governance will be established and become operational
- (c) All urban residents will be able to obtain access to a basic level of urban services
- (d) Financially self-sustaining agencies for urban governance and service delivery will be established, through reforms to major revenue instruments
- (e) Local services and governance will be conducted in a manner that is transparent and accountable to citizens
- (f) e-Governance applications will be introduced in core functions of ULBs/Parastatals resulting in reduced cost and time of service delivery processes.
- Ministry of Urban Development will periodically monitor the scheme through designated Officers of this Ministry for each State/ UT.
- State level nodal agency would send quarterly progress report to the Ministry of Urban Development.
- Upon completion of the project, nodal agency through the State Government would submit completion report in this regard.
- Central Sanctioning & Monitoring Committee may meet as often as required to sanction and review/monitor the progress of projects sanctioned under the Mission.
- Monitoring of progress of implementation of reforms would be outsourced to specialized/technical agencies
|Name of the State||Population(in lakh)|
|c)||Identified cities with less than one million population*|
Jammu & Kashmir
Punjab & Haryana
Jammu & Kashmir
- Adoption of modern, accrual-based double entry system of accounting in Urban Local Bodies/Parastatals
- Introduction of system of e-governance using IT applications like, GIS and MIS for various services provided by ULBs/Parastatals.
- Reform of property tax with GIS, so that it becomes major source of revenue for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and arrangements for its effective implementation so that collection efficiency reaches at least 85% within next seven years.
- Levy of reasonable user charges by ULBs/Parastatals with the objective that full cost of operation and maintenance or recurring cost is collected within next seven years. However, cities/towns in North East and other special category States may recover at least 50% of operation & maintenance charges initially. These cities/towns should graduate to full O&M cost recovery in a phased manner.
- Internal earmarking within local body, budgets for basic services to the urban poor.
- Provision of basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply, sanitation and ensuing delivery of other already existing universal services of the Government for education, health and social security.
- Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act.
- Reform of Rent Control Laws balancing the interests of landlords and tenants.
- Rationalisation of Stamp Duty to bring it down to no more than 5% within next seven years.
- Enactment of Public Disclosure Law to ensure preparation of medium- term fiscal plan of ULBs/Parastatals and release of quarterly performance information to all stakeholders.
- Enactment of Community Participation Law to institutionalize citizen participation and introducing the concept of Area Sabha in urban areas.
- Assigning or associating elected ULBs with “city planning function”. Over a period of seven years, transferring all special agencies that deliver civic services in urban areas to ULBs and creating accountability platforms for all urban civic service providers in transition.
- Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling Act
- Reform of Rent Control Act
- Revision of bye-laws to streamline the approval process for construction of buildings, development of sites etc.
- Simplification of legal and procedural frameworks for conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes.
- Introduction of Property Title Certification System in ULBs.
- Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing projects (both Public and Private Agencies) for EWS/LIG category with a system of cross subsidization.
- Introduction of computerized process of registration of land and property. Revision of bye-laws to make rain water harvesting mandatory in all buildings and adoption of water conservation measures.
- Bye-laws for reuse of recycled water.
- Administrative reforms i.e. reduction in establishment by bringing out voluntary retirement schemes, non-filling up of posts falling vacant due to retirement etc., and achieving specified milestones in this regard.
- Structural reforms
- Encouraging Public Private Partnership