Domestic work as scheduled employment under the Minimum Wages Act

Domestic work as scheduled employment under the Minimum Wages Act

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT

LOK SABHA 

UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 2463
TO BE ANSWERED ON 01.08.2022

MINIMUM WAGES ACT 

2463. SHRIMATI PRATIMA MONDAL
          SHRIMATI KESHARI DEVI PATEL
          SHRI RODMAL NAGAR
          SHRI KHAGEN MURMU

Will the Minister of LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state: 

(a)whether  the  Government  has  classified/proposes  to  classify  domestic work as scheduled employment under the Minimum Wages Act, if so, the details thereof along with the per hour, per day and per month minimum wages fixed for domestic workers in the country, if not, the reasons for excluding domestic workers out of the purview of the Minimum Wages Act;

(b)the number of persons working as domestic workers in the country and the average wages earned, State-wise;

Domestic work as scheduled employment under the Minimum Wages Act

(c)whether the Government proposes to conduct any action plan to survey the domestic workers of the country and if so, the steps being taken for social, economic and educational upliftment of the domestic workers along with the State-wise number of people surveyed so far by the All India Domestic Workers Survey;

(d)whether the Government is aware of the fact that the wages of labourers are withheld for 10 days in private institutions, if so, the details thereof along with the number of institutions found to be negligence in paying wages to workers as per rule in Uttar Pradesh and action taken against them;

(e)the steps taken/monitoring mechanism adopted to ensure minimum wages to the workers of private institutions and contract labourers, State-wise; and

(f)whether the Government proposes to increase the wages of labourers throghout the country at par with increase in the dearness allowance of Government employees at regular interval, if so, the details thereof?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE FOR LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT 

(SHRI RAMESWAR TELI)

(a): Domestic work does not form part of the scheduled employments in relation to the establishments in respect of which the Central Government is the appropriate Government under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. As domestic work is performed in households, adding domestic work to the schedule of employments is under the purview of the State Governments.

The Code on Wages, 2019, which subsumes the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, provides for universal  minimum wage across employments in organized and unorganized sector. The said provisions of the Code on Wages, 2019, have not come into force.

(b): As per Census 2011, the number of domestic workers in the country were 47, 81,355. State-wise details are given at the Annexure I. State-wise data on the average wages earned by domestic workers is not maintained centrally.

(c): Labour Bureau under the Ministry of Labour and Employment has launched the fieldwork for the All India Survey on Domestic Workers (DW) in the month of January, 2022 with the objective to estimate the State wise number of Domestic Workers and their socio-economic conditions. The number of First stage Units (FSU) to be covered in 36 States/UTs is 12766 (6190 Rural + 6576 Urban).

Further, the Ministry of Labour & Employment has developed e- SHRAM portal which is a National Database of the Unorganised Workers seeded with Aadhaar. It has been launched on 26.08.2021 and made available to the States/UTs for the registration of unorganised workers including domestic workers on e-SHRAM portal. As on 29.07.2022, more than 28.03 crore unorganized workers have been registered on e-SHRAM portal.

The Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008, provides for social security to all unorganized workers including domestic workers. Government has launched Central Sector Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Beema Yojana (PMJJBY) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Beema Yojana (PMSBY) for life and disability cover and Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Man Dhan Yojana (PM-SYM) for pension to the unorganized workers including domestic workers. Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) provides secondary and tertiary health benefits to all unorganized workers including domestic workers who are covered as eligible beneficiaries as per Socio Economic Caste census Data, 2011.

Government has launched various schemes for unorganized sector workers including domestic workers. Domestic Workers Sector Skill Council (DWSSC), under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), is imparting various skill development training programmes to domestic workers. Under Skill India Mission, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) under which training/orientation is being imparted to candidates in various National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) aligned job roles across 37 sectors, including Domestic Workers Sector. In the Domestic Workers Sector, training/orientation is given to candidates in four job roles namely, child caretaker (non-clinical), elderly caretaker (non-clinical), general housekeeper and housekeeper-cum-cook aligned to the Domestic Workers Sector Skill Council. Under PMKVY, as on 30.06.2022, around 1.92 lakh candidates have been trained / oriented in the Domestic Worker Sector.

(d) & (e): Under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, both the Central and the State Governments are appropriate Governments to enforce the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, including the provisions relating to non-payment of wages/minimum wages, in their respective jurisdictions. In the Central sphere the enforcement is done through the Inspecting Officers of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) commonly designated as Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM) and the compliance in the State Sphere is ensured through the State Enforcement Machinery. The designated inspecting officers conduct regular inspections and in the event of detection of any case of non-payment or underpayment of wages/minimum wages, they direct the employers to make payment of the shortfall of wages. In case of non-compliance, penal provisions prescribed under section 22 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 are taken recourse to. The details in regard to enforcement of the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, in scheduled employments in the Central Sphere are Annexure II. Details of enforcement of the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, in the State sphere are not centrally maintained.

(f): Under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, both the Central Government and the State Governments are appropriate Governments to fix, review and revise the minimum wages of the employees employed in the scheduled employments under their respective jurisdictions. In order to take care of the rising prices, the Central Government revises the Variable Dearness Allowance (V.D.A) on basic rates of minimum wages every six months effective from 1st April and 1st October of every year on the basis of Consumer Price Index for Industrial workers. V.D.A. was last revised w.e.f. 01.04.2022. A statement showing increase in the rates of wages on account of increasing V.D.A payable to the employees engaged in the scheduled employments in the Central Sphere is at Annexure III. The details of periodic revision of minimum rates of wages in scheduled employments in the State sphere are not centrally maintained.

Annexure I

ANNEXURE  REFERRED  TO  IN  REPLY  TO  PART  (b)  OF  LOK  SABHA  UN-STARRED QUESTION No. 2463 FOR 01.08.2022 REGARDING MINIMUM WAGES ACT.

Sr. No.

States/UTs

Number of Domestic Workers

1.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands UT

2,085

2.

Andhra Pradesh

4,66,209

3.

Arunachal Pradesh

2,855

4.

Assam

38,397

5.

Bihar

39,685

6.

Chandigarh UT

23,110

7.

Chhattisgarh

1,08,422

8.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT

1,403

9.

Daman & Diu UT

1,503

10.

NCT of Delhi

2,11,767

11.

Goa

20,810

12.

Gujarat

2,39,517

13.

Haryana

1,02,476

14.

Himachal Pradesh

23,128

15.

Jammu & Kashmir

18,937

16.

Jharkhand

39,371

17.

Karnataka

3,26,585

18.

Kerala

1,65,012

19.

Lakshadweep UT

39

20.

Madhya Pradesh

1,89,170

21.

Maharashtra

9,92,040

22.

Manipur

1,248

23.

Meghalaya

11,461

24.

Mizoram

1,718

25.

Nagaland

2,470

26.

Odisha

92,714

27.

Puducherry UT

22,815

28.

Punjab

1,41,861

29.

Rajasthan

99,288

30.

Sikkim

3,157

31.

Tamilnadu

6,05,169

32.

Tripura

8,770

33.

Uttar Pradesh

2,01,316

34.

Uttarakhand

27,512

35.

West Bengal

5,49,335

Total

47,81,355

Data as per Census 2011
AnnexureII

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (d) & (e) OF LOK SABHA UN-STARRED QUESTION No. 2463 FOR 01.08.2022 REGARDING MINIMUM WAGES ACT.

Details of Inspections, Prosecutions and Convictions done under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Particulars

No. of Inspections Conducted

No. of Irregularities detected

No.

Irregularities Rectified

No. of Prosecutions Launched

No. of Convictions

1

2

3

4

5

6

2019-20

7690

59950

23397

1609

412

2020-21

2114

13949

7566

501

174

2021-22

5022

35983

8726

492

167


Claim cases under Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Year

CLAIMS FILED UNDER MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948

FILED

DECIDED

AWARDED

No. of WORKERS BENEFITED

1

2

3

4

5

2019-20

3470

754

Rs. 217981002/-

5297

2020-21

3763

1334

Rs. 270202177/-

7631

2021-22

5297

2102

Rs. 177722490/-

7487


Annexure III

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (f) OF LOK SABHA UN-STARRED QUESTION No. 2463 FOR 01.08.2022 REGARDING MINIMUM WAGES ACT.

STATEMENT SHOWING INCREASED RATES OF MINIMUM WAGES ON ACCOUNT OF REVISION OF VDA FROM 19.01.2017 TO 01.04.2022.

Scheduled Employment

Category of Workers

Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)

Area A

Area B

Area C

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

Agriculture

Unskilled

333

423

303

385

300

382

Semi- skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

364

461

335

425

307

389

Skilled/Clerical

395

502

364

461

334

424

Highly-skilled

438

554

407

516

364

461

Sweeping and Cleaning+

Unskilled

523

663

437

553

350

443

Watch and Ward

Without Arms ( Upgraded to skilled with training)

637

806

579

734

494

625

With Arms( Upgraded to highly skilled for

supervision)

693

876

637

806

579

734

Loading & Unloading#

Unskilled

523

663

437

553

350

443

Construction^

Unskilled

523

663

437

553

350

443

Semi- skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

579

734

494

625

410

519

Skilled/Clerical

637

806

579

734

494

625

Highly-skilled

693

876

637

806

579

734

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

Workers engaged in Stone Mines for Stone Breaking and Stone Crushing

1.Excavation & removal of over burden with 50 meters lead/1.5 meters lift:*

(a) Soft Soil

351

447

(b) Soft Soil with Rock

531

672

(c) Rock

703

890

2. Removal and Staking of rejected stones with 50 metres lead/1.5metres lift*

283

359

3. Stone breaking or Stone Crushing for the stone size of **

(a) 1.0 inch to 1.5 inches

2171

2736

(b) Above 1.5 Inches to 3.0 Inches

1857

2340

(c) Above 3.0 Inches to 5 Inches

1088

1374

(d) Above 5.0 Inches

893

1129

Non - Coal Mines $

Above Ground

{Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)}

Below Ground

{Rates of Wages including V.D.A per day (in Rs.)}

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

19.01.2017

01.04.2022

Unskilled

350

443

437

553

Semi- skilled/Unskilled Supervisory

437

553

523

663

Skilled/Clerical

523

663

610

772

Highly-skilled

610

772

683

862


*Per 2.831 cubic meters or 100 cubic feet
** Per truck load of 5.662 cubic meters or 200 cubic feet

+Employees engaged in the employment of Sweeping and Cleaning excluding Activities prohibited under the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993.

#Employees engaged in the employment of Loading and Unloading in (i) Goods Sheds, Parcel Offices of Railways; (ii) Other Goods Sheds, Godowns, Warehouses and other similar employments; (iii) Docks and Ports; and (iv) Passengers Goods and Cargo Carried out at Airports (Both International and Domestic).

^Employees engaged in the employment of construction or maintenance of Roads or Runways or in Building Operations including laying down Underground Electric, Wireless, Radio, Television, Telephone, Telegraph and Overseas Communication Cables and similar other Underground Cabling Work, Electric Lines, Water Supply Lines and Sewerage Pipe Lines.

$Employees engaged in the employment of Gypsum Mines, Barytes Mines, Bauxite Mines, Manganese Mines, China Clay Mines, Kyanite Mines, Copper Mines, Clay Mines, Magnesite Mines, White Clay Mines, Stone Mines, Steatite Mines (including the mines producing Soap Stones and Talc), Ochre Mines, Asbestos Mines, Fire Clay Mines, Chromite Mines, Quartzite Mines, Quartz Mines, Silica Mines, Graphite Mines, Felspar Mines, Laterite Mines, Dolomite Mines, Red Oxide Mines, Wolfram Mines, Iron Ore Mines, Granite Mines, Rock Phosphate Mines, Hematite Mines, Marble and Calcite Mines, Uranium Mines, Mica Mines, Lignite Mines, Gravel Mines, Slate and Magnetite Mines.
 
Classification of Area

AREA – “A”

Ahmedabad

(UA)

Hyderabad

(UA)

Faridabad complex

Bangaluru

(UA)

Kanpur

(UA)

Ghaziabad

Kolkata

(UA)

Lucknow

(UA)

Gurgaon

Delhi

(UA)

Chennai

(UA)

Noida

Greater Mumbai

(UA)

Nagpur

(UA)

Secunderabad

Navi Mumbai

Pune

(UA)

AREA – “B”

Agra

(UA)

Gwalior

(UA)

Port Blair

(UA)

Ajmer

(UA)

Hubli-Dharwad

(M. Corpn)

Puducherry

(UA)

Aligarh

(UA)

Indore

(UA)

Raipur

(UA)

Allahabad

(UA)

Jabalpur

(UA)

Raurkela

(UA)

Amravati

(M. Corpn)

Jaipur

(M. Corpn)

Rajkot

(UA)

Amritsar

(UA)

Jalandhar

(UA)

Ranchi

(UA)

Asansol

(UA)

Jalandhar-Cantt.

(UA)

Saharanpur

(M. Corpn)

Aurangabad

(UA)

Jammu

(UA)

Salem

(UA)

Bareilly

(UA)

Jamnagar

(UA)

Sangli

(UA)

Belgaum

(UA)

Jamshedpur

(UA)

Shillong

Bhavnagar

(UA)

Jhansi

(UA)

Siliguri

(UA)

Bhiwandi

(UA)

Jodhpur

(UA)

Solapur

(M. Corpn)

Bhopal

(UA)

Kannur

(UA)

Srinagar

(UA)

Bhubaneshwar

(UA)

Kochi

(UA)

Surat

(UA)

Bikaner

(M. Corpn)

Kolhapur

(UA)

Thiruvananthapuram

(UA)

Bokaro Steel City

(UA)

Kollam

(UA)

Thrissur

(UA)

Chandigarh

(UA)

Kota

(M. Corpn)

Tiruchirappalli

(UA)

Coimbatore

(UA)

Kozhikode

(UA)

Tiruppur

(UA)

Cuttack

(UA)

Ludhiana

(M. Corpn)

Ujjain

(M. Corpn)

Dehradun

(UA)

Madurai

(UA)

Vadodara

(UA)

Dhanbad

(UA)

Malappuram

(UA)

Varanasi

(UA)

Durgapur

(UA)

Malegaon

(UA)

Vasai- Virar City

(M. Corpn)

Durg-Bhilai Nagar

(UA)

Mangalore

(UA)

Vijayawada

(UA)

Erode

(UA)

Meerut

(UA)

Vishakhapatnam

(M. Corpn)

Firozabad

Moradabad

(M. Corpn)

Warangal

(UA)

Goa

Mysore

(UA)

Gorakhpur

(UA)

NandedWaghala

(M. Corpn)

Greater Visakhapatnam

(M. Corpn)

Nasik

(UA)

Gulbarga

(UA)

Nellore

(UA)

Guntur

(UA)

Panchkula

(UA)

Guwahati

(UA)

Patna

(UA)

Area C will comprise all areas not mentioned in this list.

NB : U.A. stands for Urban Agglomeration.



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