Increase in Unemployment rate in the Country

Increase in Unemployment rate in the Country 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT

RAJYA SABHA 

UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 2653
TO BE ANSWERED ON 11TH AUGUST, 2021 

INCREASE IN UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN THE COUNTRY

2653. DR. KIRODI LAL MEENA

Will the Minister of LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state:

(a) the State/Union Territory-wise details of employment/unemployment rate in the country during the last five years and the current year; and

(b) whether the unemployment rate has increased rapidly during the last three years and current year, if so, the reasons therefor and the proposal to curb unemployment?

Increase in Unemployment rate
ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE FOR LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT 

(SHRI RAMESWAR TELI)

(a)& (b): The data on employment/ unemployment is being collected through Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation(MoSPI) since 2017-18. As per the results of PLFS conducted during 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20, the State/Union Territory-wise details of the estimated Worker Population Ratio (WPR) and the estimated Unemployment Rate (UR) for persons of 15 years and above on usual status in the country to the extent available is given at Annexure.

Government of India has taken a number of initiatives for promoting employment generation in the country. Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY) has been launched w.e.f. 1st October, 2020 to incentivize employers for creation of new employment along with social security benefits and restoration of employment. The terminal date for registration of beneficiary under the scheme has been extended from 30th June, 2021 to 31st March, 2022.

PM- SVANidhi Scheme has facilitated collateral free working capital loan upto Rs.10,000/- for one-year tenure to street vendors, to help them resume their businesses during the post Covid period.

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is being implemented by the Government inter alia, for facilitating self-employment. Under PMMY collateral free loans uptoRs. 10 lakh, are extended to micro/small business enterprises and to individuals to enable them to setup or expand their business activities.

In addition, to enhance the employment generation, Government is encouraging various projects involving substantial investment and through public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana (PMKVY) run by Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs and Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE), respectively.

Besides these initiatives, flagship programmes of the Government such as Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat Mission, Smart City Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, Housing for All, Infrastructure development and Industrial corridors and Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme have the potential to generate productive employment opportunities.

Annexure

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) of the Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 2653 due for reply on 11.08.2021

State/UT-wise details of Worker Population Ratio&Unemployment Rate for persons of age 15 years and

(in %)

(in %)

tate/UTs

Worker Population Ratio

Unemployment Rate

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Andhra Pradesh

57.2

54.8

55.5

4.5

5.3

4.7

Arunachal Pradesh

42.3

40.9

44.3

5.8

7.7

6.7

Assam

43.7

43.4

43.2

7.9

6.7

7.9

Bihar

35.5

36.4

39.7

7.0

9.8

5.1

Chhattisgarh

62.4

61.2

65.4

3.3

2.4

3.3

Delhi

42.7

44.5

43.3

9.4

10.4

8.6

Goa

42.9

45.9

47.3

13.9

8.7

8.1

Gujarat

47.4

49.7

54.7

4.8

3.2

2.0

Haryana

41.7

41.9

42.9

8.4

9.3

6.4

Himachal Pradesh

58.9

63.9

70.5

5.5

5.1

3.7

Jammu & Kashmir

51.0

52.9

52.5

5.4

5.1

6.7

Jharkhand

41.7

44.9

53.6

7.5

5.2

4.2

Karnataka

49.1

49.3

53.1

4.8

3.6

4.2

Kerala

41.2

44.9

45.3

11.4

9.0

10.0

Madhya Pradesh

54.3

52.3

57.7

4.3

3.5

3.0

Maharashtra

50.5

50.6

55.7

4.8

5.0

3.2

Manipur

42.5

44.3

45.5

11.5

9.4

9.5

Meghalaya

62.3

61.8

58.6

1.6

2.7

2.7

Mizoram

46.4

45.6

50.7

10.1

7.0

5.7

Nagaland

32.8

38.1

44.8

21.4

17.4

25.7

Odisha

44.9

47.6

51.9

7.1

7.0

6.2

Punjab

42.9

44.2

47.8

7.7

7.4

7.3

Rajasthan

48.2

50.0

55.0

5.0

5.7

4.5

Sikkim

58.7

61.1

68.8

3.5

3.1

2.2

Tamil Nadu

51.0

51.4

55.3

7.5

6.6

5.3

Telangana

49.8

50.6

55.7

7.6

8.3

7.0

Tripura

42.0

41.9

49.6

6.8

10.0

3.2

Uttarakhand

40.6

41.4

49.5

7.6

8.9

7.1

Uttar Pradesh

41.8

40.8

45.1

6.2

5.7

4.4

West Bengal

47.8

49.7

49.7

4.6

3.8

4.6

A & N Islands

48.7

49.1

49.8

15./8

13.5

12.6

Chandigarh

46.9

47.3

45.5

9.0

7.3

6.3

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

66.3

68.6

72.2

0.4

1.5

3.0

Daman & Diu

63.2

55.1

64.5

3.1

0.0

2.9

Lakshadweep

34.4

29.5

48.0

21.3

31.6

13.7

Puducherry

37.8

47.8

47.7

10.3

8.3

7.6

Ladakh

-

-

62.7

-

-

0.1

All-India

46.8

47.3

50.9

6.0

5.8

4.8


above according to usual status (principal status + subsidiary status) approach to the extent availableSource: Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation


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