Crime Against Women in Last Five Years : National Crime Records Bureau

Crime Against Women in Last Five Years : National Crime Records Bureau

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

RAJYA SABHA 

UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 1797
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 10TH MARCH, 2021/
PHALGUNA 19, 1942 (SAKA) 

CRIME AGAINST WOMEN

CRIME AGAINST WOMEN

1797. DR. BANDA PRAKASH

Will the Minister of HOME AFFAIRS be pleased to state:

(a) whether Government has noticed that crime against women have increased during the last few years in the country;

(b) if so, the details of crimes reported by NCRB against women during the last five years, State-wise; and

(c) the details of steps taken by the Government to reduce the crime against women?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS 

(SHRI G. KISHAN REDDY)

(a)to (c): ‘Police’ and ‘Public Order’ are State subjects under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The responsibilities to maintain law and order, protection of life and property of the citizens including crime against women are with the respective State Governments. The State Governments are competent to deal with such offences under the extant provisions of law. However, several steps have been taken by the Government to spread awareness amongst the citizens, sensitization of police officers at various levels, issuance of advisories for compulsory registration of FIRs and penal provisions for non-registration of FIRs etc. This has improved reporting of crimes against women. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) compiles and publishes information on crimes in its publication “Crime in India”. Published reports are available till the year 2019. As per the published information, State/Union Territory-wise details of cases registered under crimes against women during 2015-2019 are at Annexure.

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Further, the Government has taken a number of initiatives for safety of women across the country, which are given below:

i. The Criminal Law (Amendment), Act 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of girls below the age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and filing of charge sheet in rape cases in 2 months and trials to also be completed in 2 months (Section 173 CrPC).

ii. Emergency Response Support System provides a pan-India, single internationally recognized number (112) based system for all emergencies, with computer aided dispatch of field resources to the location of distress.

iii. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has launched a cyber-crime reporting portal on 20th September, 2018 for citizens to report obscene content.

iv. Using technology to aid smart policing and safety management, Safe City Projects have been sanctioned in first Phase in 8 cities (Ahmedabad,  Bengaluru,  Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow & Mumbai). The projects have been prepared by State Governments, taking into account the need for identification of hot spots for crimes against women for development of critical assets in various areas including infrastructure, technology adoption and capacity building in community through awareness programmers.

v. MHA has launched the “National Database on Sexual Offenders” (NDSO) on 20th  September, 2018 to facilitate investigation and tracking of sexual offenders across the country.

vi. MHA has launched an online analytic tool “Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences” to monitor and track time-bound investigation in sexual assault cases in accordance with Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018.

vii. In order to improve investigation, MHA has taken steps to strengthen DNA analysis units in Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories. This includes setting up of State-of-the-Art DNA Analysis Unit in Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh. MHA has also sanctioned setting-up and upgrading of DNA Analysis units in State Forensic Science Laboratories in 20 States/UTs.

viii. MHA has notified guidelines for collection of forensic evidence in sexual assault cases and the standard composition in a  sexual assault evidence collection kits. To facilitate adequate capacity in manpower, training and skill building programs have been undertaken for Investigation Officers, Prosecution Officers and Medical Officers. Bureau of Police Research & Development has distributed 14,950 Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits to States/ UTs as orientation kit as part of training.

ix. MHA has also approved two projects for setting up and strengthening of Women Help Desks in police stations and Anti-Human Trafficking Units in all districts of the country.

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x. In addition to the above-mentioned measures, MHA has been issuing advisories from time to time to States/UTs to deal with crimes against women, which are available at www.mha.gov.in.

 Annexure referred to in reply to unstarred question number 1797 for reply on 10.3.2021

State/UT-wise Cases Registered under Crime against Women during 2015-2019

SL

State/UT

Cases Registered under Crime against Women during

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

1

Andhra Pradesh

15967

16362

17909

16438

17746

2

Arunachal Pradesh

384

367

337

368

317

3

Assam

23365

20869

23082

27687

30025

4

Bihar

13904

13400

14711

16920

18587

5

Chhattisgarh

5783

5947

7996

8587

7689

6

Goa

392

371

369

362

329

7

Gujarat

7777

8532

8133

8329

8799

8

Haryana

9511

9839

11370

14326

14683

9

Himachal Pradesh

1295

1222

1246

1633

1636

10

Jammu & Kashmir*

3366

2850

3129

3437

3069

11

Jharkhand

6568

5453

5911

7083

8760

12

Karnataka

12775

14131

14078

13514

13828

13

Kerala

9767

10034

11057

10461

11462

14

Madhya Pradesh

24231

26604

29788

28942

27560

15

Maharashtra

31216

31388

31979

35497

37144

16

Manipur

266

253

236

271

266

17

Meghalaya

337

372

567

571

558

18

Mizoram

158

120

301

249

170

19

Nagaland

91

105

79

75

43

20

Odisha

17200

17837

20098

20274

23183

21

Punjab

5340

5105

4620

5302

5886

22

Rajasthan

28224

27422

25993

27866

41550

23

Sikkim

53

153

163

172

125

24

Tamil Nadu

5919

4463

5397

5822

5934

25

Telangana

15425

15374

17521

16027

18394

26

Tripura

1267

1013

972

907

1070

27

Uttar Pradesh

35908

49262

56011

59445

59853

28

Uttarakhand

1465

1588

1944

2817

2541

29

West Bengal

33318

32513

30992

30394

30394

TOTAL STATE(S)

311272

322949

345989

363776

391601

30

A&N Islands

136

108

132

147

135

31

Chandigarh

468

414

453

442

515

32

D&N Haveli**

25

28

20

38

49

33

Daman & Diu**

29

41

26

16

33

34

Delhi

17222

15310

13076

13640

13395

35

Lakshadweep

9

9

6

11

38

36

Puducherry

82

95

147

166

95

TOTAL UT(S)

17971

16005

13860

14460

14260

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

329243

338954

359849

378236

405861

Source: Crime in India

Note : Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal in time for 2019, Data furnished for 2018 has been used

*Now UTs of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh

**Now UTs of D& N Haveli and UT of Daman & Diu have merged as one UT

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