High Courts and Subordinate Courts complexes running in the country

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High Courts and Subordinate Courts complexes running in the country

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LAW & JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

RAJYA SABHA

STARRED QUESTION NO.232
ANSWERED ON 10/08/2023

TYPES OF COURTS IN THE COUNTRY

232. SHRI RAGHAV CHADHA:

Will the Minister of LAW AND JUSTICE be pleased to state:-

(a) the total number of different types of courts running in the country, State, district and type-wise;

(b) whether the strength of judges is reviewed in these courts from time to time and if so, the details thereof;

(c) whether Government has received any proposal to increase the strength of judges in various courts including the Supreme Court and if so, the details thereof and the response of Government thereto;

(d) the total number of registered lawyers in various courts in the country, court and State-wise; and
high_courts_and_subordinate_courts_complexes_running_in_the_country
(e) whether Government has any proposal to strengthen the system of appointment of judges, if so, the details thereof?
ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) OF THE MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE; MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS; AND MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF CULTURE

SHRI ARJUN RAM MEGHWAL

(a) to (e):      A Statement is laid on the Table of the House.
 
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (A) TO (E) OF RAJYA  SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 232 FOR ANSWER ON 10.08.2023  REGARDING ‘TYPES OF COURTS IN THE COUNTRY.

(a): As laid down by the Constitution of India, the Supreme Court of India is the apex court in the country that has been vested with original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. Further, there are High Courts that stand at the head of a State's judicial administration. According to Article 227 of the Constitution, every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction. A detailed statement showing the total number of High Courts and Subordinate Courts complexes running in the country, State /District-wise is at Annexure-I.

(b): During the Joint Conference of Chief Justices and Chief Ministers held on 07.04.2013, a decision was taken to increase the number of Judges of the High Courts by 25%. Accordingly, during the period from 01.07.2014 to 21.03.2023 with the approval of the respective State Governments, the concerned High Courts and the Chief Justice of India, the Government has increased the Judge strength of the High Courts from 906 to 1114 i.e. by 208 posts.

The review of judges’ strength in District and Subordinate courts is the responsibility of High Court and State Government concerned. The appointment, selection and recruitment of judicial officers in District and Subordinate Courts is done by the High Courts in certain States, whereas, in other States the High Courts do it in consultation with the State Public Service Commissions. The Central Government has no direct role in the matter.

(c): At present, there is a proposal to increase the judge strength of High Court of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh from 17 to 25 judges. No proposal for increase in strength of the Supreme Court is pending with the Government.
 
(d): As per the information provided by Department of Legal Affairs, the present status of total Advocates registered with different State Bar Council in the country, State-wise, is at Annexure-II.

(e): Appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts is made under Articles 124, 217 and 224 of the Constitution of India and as per the procedure laid down in the Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) prepared in 1998 pursuant to the Supreme Court Judgment of October 6, 1993 (Second Judges case) read with their Advisory Opinion of October 28, 1998 (Third Judges case). Appointment of the Judges of the Constitutional Courts is a continuous, integrated and collaborative process between the Executive and the Judiciary. It requires consultation and approval from various constitutional authorities both at state and central level. Government appoints only those persons as Judges of High Courts who are recommended by Supreme Court Collegium (SCC).

In case of District and Subordinate judiciary, as per constitutional provisions the respective State Governments, in consultation with their High Courts, frame the rules and regulations regarding the issue of appointment of Judicial Officers in the State Judicial Service. The Central Government has no role in the selection and appointment of judicial officers in District and Subordinate judiciary.
 
ANNEXURE-I

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (A) OF RAJYA SABHA  STARRED QUESTION NO. 232 FOR ANSWER ON 10.08.2023 REGARDING ‘TYPES  OF COURTS IN THE COUNTRY.

Detailed statement showing the total number of High Courts and Subordinate Courts complexes running in the country, State /District-wise.

S.No

High Court

State/Jurisdiction

Total Districts

Total District Court Complexes

1

Allahabad

Uttar Pradesh

74

183

2

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

13

189

3

Bombay

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

1

2

Daman and Diu

2

2

Goa

2

16

Maharashtra

40

487

4

Calcutta

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1

4

West Bengal

22

90

5

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh

23

89

6

Delhi

Delhi

11

12

7

Gauhati

Arunachal Pradesh

4

4

Assam

33

79

Mizoram

3

12

Nagaland

9

5

8

Gujarat

Gujarat

32

338

9

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

11

50

10

Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh

Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir and

20

82

Union Territory of Ladakh

2

4

11

Jharkhand

Jharkhand

24

24

12

Karnataka

Karnataka

31

206

13

Kerala

Kerala

15

174

Lakshadweep

14

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

50

230

15

Madras

Puducherry

4

4

Tamil Nadu

32

271

16

Manipur

Manipur

9

21

17

Meghalaya

Meghalaya

11

13

18

Orissa

Odisha

30

124

19

Patna

Bihar

37

80

20

Punjab & Haryana

Chandigarh

1

1

Haryana

21

58

Punjab

22

69

21

Rajasthan

Rajasthan

36

330

22

Sikkim

Sikkim

6

9

23

Telangana

Telangana

33

115

24

Tripura

Tripura

8

20

25

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand

13

69

Total

686

3466

Source : National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)
ANNEXURE-II

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (D) OF RAJYA SABHA  STARRED QUESTION NO. 232 FOR ANSWER ON 10.08.2023 REGARDING ‘TYPES  OF COURTS IN THE COUNTRY.

Statement showing the present status of total Advocates enrolled with different State Bar Council.

S. NO

State Bar Council

As on Date

Total Number of Advocate

1.

Assam

--

37326

2.

Andhra Pradesh

14.03.2023

74522

3.

Telangana

03.03.2023

46555

4.

Bihar

17.03.2023

136721

5.

Chhattisgarh

04.08.2022

31429

6.

Delhi

17.03.2023

149655

7.

Gujarat

29.07.2022

108181

8.

Himachal Pradesh

16.03.2023

12578

9.

Jharkhand

18.03.2023

31248

10.

Karnataka

03.07.2022

111162

11.

Kerala

30.07.2022

58770

12.

Madhya Pradesh

23.08.2022

112390

13.

Maharashtra & Goa

02.04.2021

191394

14.

Orissa

10.08.2022

58697

15.

Punjab & Haryana

20.07.2021

117423

16.

Rajasthan

03.03.2023

99597

17.

Tamil Nadu

30.07.2022

114584

18.

Uttar Pradesh

01.04.2021

400016

19.

Uttarakhand

16.03.2023

18804

20.

West Bengal

01.04.2021

86555

21.

Jammu & Kashmir

--

10589

22.

Tripura

06.08.2022

1489

23.

Manipur

02.03.2023

1974

24.

Meghalaya

16.03.2023

1422

Total

2013081

Source: - Department of Legal Affairs

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