Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres

Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) was launched in 2018 to progressively achieve Universal Health Coverage through delivery of Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Services

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE DEPARTMENT
OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE

LOK SABHA 

STARRED QUESTION NO.333
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 25TH MARCH, 2022

AYUSHMAN BHARAT – HEALTH AND WELLNESS CENTRES

333. SHRI C.N. ANNADURAI
        SHRI GAJANAN KIRTIKAR

Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government has launched Ayushman Bharat - Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) initiative under the Ayushman Bharat Programme and if so, the details thereof along with achievements made since its launch;

Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres

(b) the present status and achievements of Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs), State/UT-wise particularly in Tamil Nadu;

(c) whether the Government has set parameters for setting up of PHCs and CHCs and if so, the details thereof along with the percentage of population covered by PHCs and CHCs during last three years;

(d) whether the Government has received proposals from States/UTs including Tamil Nadu for opening of new CHCs and PHCs and if so, the details thereof along with the funds sanctioned and proposed to be released for setting up of CHCs/PHCs in the country, State/UTwise; and

(e) whether the Government proposes to upgrade all the CHCs/PHCs as ISO certified wellness centres and improve quality of services and if so, the details thereof along with the number of ISO certified CHCs/PHCs functioning in the country, State/UT-wise?

ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE 

(DR MANSUKH MANDAVIYA)

(a) to (e) A Statement is laid on the Table of the House.

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 333* FOR 25TH MARCH, 2022

(a) to (e): Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) was launched in 2018 to progressively achieve Universal Health Coverage through delivery of Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Services. It envisages to transform 1,50,000 Sub-Health Centres (SHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs), both Rural & Urban, into Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) by December, 2022. As on 23rd March, 2022, a total 1,00,768 Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) are functional in the country which includes 73,668 SHC-HWC, 22,472 PHC-HWC and 4,628 UPHC-HWC, as reported by the States/UTs on AB-HWC portal. State/UT wise Central Release under Ayushman Bharat- Health & Wellness Centres (AB-HWC) under NHM from the FY 2018-19 to 2021-22 is given at Annexure-I.

As per RHS 2019-20, the present status and achievements of Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs), State/UT-wise, including Tamil Nadu, are given at Annexure-II.

Government of India has laid down Indian public Health Standards (IPHS) for services, infrastructure, human resource, diagnostics, equipment, medicines, etc. They are used as the reference point for planning and up-gradation of public health care infrastructure in the States and UTs. These IPHS have given population norms for establishing the public health facilities. As per RHS, 2019-20, average rural population covered by the health facility (based on the mid-year population as on 1st July, 2020) is given below

Health Facility

Norm as per IPHS

Average Rural

Population covered (RHS-2019-20)

Primary Health Centre

20,000-30,000

35730

Community Health Centre

80,000-1,20,000

171779


Besides this, States have the flexibility to propose for funding under the overall ambit of NHM for up-gradation of infrastructure, HR and services as per IPHS for public health facilities, after due gap analysis. States also have the flexibility to establish PHCs at 20,000 population and CHCs at 80,000 population in hilly/tribal/difficult areas.

All the States/UTs submit the proposals for opening of new CHCs and PHCs, through Program Implementation Plan (PIP) annually before the commencement of next financial year. Year-wise Record of Proceedings (RoPs) and PIPs of all the States /UTs under NHM, including Tamil Nadu, are available at the link  https://nhm.gov.in/index4.php?lang=1&level=0&linkid=59&lid=72.

The State of Tamil Nadu has submitted a proposal to MoHFW, GOI during PIP 2022-24 for establishment of 25 New Primary Health Centre and 25 New Urban Primary Health Centre under NHM.
 
The ISO 9001:2008, now ISO 9001:2015 standards were initially framed for the manufacturing industry and later adapted for service industry like healthcare industry. However, these standards are generic in nature. Therefore, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare have formulated National Quality Assurance Standards (NQAS) in November 2013 to improve the quality of care delivered at different level of public health facilities. The Standards are accredited by apex international accrediting Agency ISQUA (International Society for Quality in Healthcare). Over the years, the programme has expanded its scope based on the emerging requirements and responses to newer initiatives taken up by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Quality Assurance Program has provision for national and state level quality certification of Health facilities on meeting the predetermined certification criteria. The program is being implemented across all states and UTs. As on 16th March, 2022, 1463 public health facilities are quality certified at the national level and 3576 health facilities at the NQAS certified at the State level.

The National Quality Assurance Standards are broadly arranged under 8 "Areas of Concern"– Service Provision, Patient Rights, Inputs, Support Services, Clinical Care, Infection Control, Quality Management and Outcome.

More details on the latest National Quality Assurance Standards are available at  http://qi.nhsrcindia.org /sites/default/files/1596 %20NQAS%20for%20 PHF%202020_16% 20 Dec%2 02021.pdf
 
Annexure-I

State/UT wise Central Release under Ayushman Bharat Yojana - Health & Wellness Centres (AB- H&WCs) under NHM from the F.Y. 2018-19 to 2021-22

(Rs. in Crore)

Sl.

No.

State/UT

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

1

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

0.80

0.85

1.16

1.77

2

Andhra Pradesh

43.51

52.44

59.38

11.60

3

Arunachal Pradesh

8.15

8.59

14.80

8.19

4

Assam

68.67

97.60

89.69

100.18

5

Bihar

88.50

88.78

119.22

81.20

6

Chandigarh

0.71

0.84

1.51

0.36

7

Chhattisgarh

36.42

65.66

28.08

34.71

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

0.70

0.96

2.09

1.57

9

Daman & Diu

0.43

0.68

10

Delhi

-

-

-

-

11

Goa

0.79

1.26

0.88

0.30

12

Gujarat

44.64

49.98

69.75

16.84

13

Haryana

18.45

24.03

29.02

16.78

14

Himachal Pradesh

16.08

27.21

25.87

4.70

15

Jammu & Kashmir

32.66

38.88

39.27

19.10

16

Jharkhand

26.02

75.81

-

21.37

17

Karnataka

47.98

54.70

75.51

59.10

18

Kerala

18.43

21.65

27.73

21.73

19

Lakshadweep

0.18

0.26

0.24

0.44

20

Madhya Pradesh

87.74

87.82

140.35

125.00

21

Maharashtra

91.27

97.64

138.60

57.02

22

Manipur

5.44

9.22

8.06

4.98

23

Meghalaya

8.64

12.46

9.17

6.48

24

Mizoram

4.03

5.19

5.25

3.90

25

Nagaland

5.01

5.34

6.22

3.04

26

Odisha

48.34

95.49

77.06

59.95

27

Puducherry

14.46

0.22

-

0.32

28

Punjab

19.69

20.39

22.17

11.73

29

Rajasthan

83.70

68.64

62.63

68.91

30

Sikkim

2.16

1.62

2.71

1.12

31

Tamil Nadu

56.41

89.12

82.65

52.70

32

Tripura

10.18

13.57

9.27

9.00

33

Uttar Pradesh

176.10

330.85

279.52

136.78

34

Uttarakhand

19.62

30.31

26.93

26.93

35

West Bengal

59.47

61.55

99.44

66.03

36

Telangana

46.14

33.70

35.94

22.26

37

Ladakh

-

-

7.36

3.84

Note:

1. The above information comprises of Ayushman Bharat- Health & Wellness Centres under NRHM
and NUHM.
2. The above releases relates to Central govt. Grants & do not include State share contribution Release For the F.Y. 2021-22 is updated upto 04.03.2022.
Annexure-II

Present Status and achievements of Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs)

Sl. No.

STATE/UT

PHCs

CHCs

1

AndhraPradesh

1142

141

2

ArunachalPradesh

119

60

3

Assam

946

190

4

Bihar

1702

57

5

Chhattisgarh

792

170

6

Goa

55

6

7

Gujarat

1477

348

8

Haryana

385

118

9

HimachalPradesh

564

85

10

Jharkhand

291

171

11

Karnataka

2176

189

12

Kerala

784

211

13

MadhyaPradesh

1199

309

14

Maharashtra

1829

278

15

Manipur

85

17

16

Meghalaya

119

28

17

Mizoram

57

9

18

Nagaland

130

21

19

Odisha

1288

377

20

Punjab

427

143

21

Rajasthan

2094

548

22

Sikkim

24

2

23

Tamil Nadu

1420

385

24

Telangana

636

85

25

Tripura

107

22

26

Uttarakhand

257

56

27

UttarPradesh

2880

711

28

WestBengal

913

348

29

A&NIslands

22

4

30

Chandigarh

0

0

31

Dadra&NagarHaveli

10

4

32

Daman&Diu

33

Delhi

5

0

34

Jammu&Kashmir

923

77

35

Ladakh

32

7

36

Lakshadweep

4

3

37

Puducherry

24

3

All India/Total

24918

5183

Source: RHS 2019-20


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