Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2019-20

Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2019-20

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

LOK SABHA

UNSTARRED QUESTION No. 1136
TO BE ANSWERED ON 26.07.2021

Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2019-20

1136. SHRIMATI SANGEETA KUMARI SINGH DEO
          DR. SUKANTA MAJUMDAR
          SHRI RAJVEER SINGH (RAJU BHAIYA)
          SHRI BHOLA SINGH
          SHRI RAJA AMARESHWARA NAIK
          DR. JAYANTA KUMAR ROY
          SHRI VINOD KUMAR SONKAR

Will the Minister of EDUCATION be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government has released the Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20;

(b) if so, whether India is lagging behind other countries in different educational indicators like Gross Enrollment Ratio, Gender Gap Index etc.;

(c) if so, the details thereof;

(d) whether the Government has approved the release of Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories;

(e) if so, the details thereof;

(f) whether there is an urgent need for reforms in education system to improve rankings of educational institutions in various national and international indexes; and

(g) if so, the details thereof and the steps taken/being taken by the Government in this regard?

Survey on Higher Education
ANSWER
MINISTER OF EDUCATION

(SHRI DHARMENDRA PRADHAN)

(a) Yes, Sir.

(b) India is ahead of many countries in terms of Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) and is improving its GER every year. Further, the Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education for India has quite improved from 0.92 in 2015-16 to 1.01 in 2019-20 indicating increased parity between males and females in the relative access to higher education in the country.

(c) As far as the Gross Enrolment Ratio in Higher Education is concerned, (UIS data available at http://data.uis.unesco.org/ Sustainable Development Goals: Gross enrolment ratio for tertiary education by sex), India ranks nearly in the middle of various countries in 2019, the latest year for which comparable data is available. A detailed comparison of India with some selected countries at various stages of development, including BRICS and SAARC nations is in the table below.

Gross Enrolment Ratio in Tertiary Education

Year

Country

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Afghanistan

8.2

..

..

..

9.7

..

Pakistan

9.7

9.2

9.0

9.3

9.0

..

Bangladesh

13.9

..

17.9

18.2

20.6

24.0

Ghana

15.4

15.7

15.5

16

15.7

17.2

Nepal

16.0

15.0

11.6

11.6

12.4

13.3

Sri Lanka

19.2

19.8

18.8

19

19.6

21.1

South Africa

19.8

..

20.9

22.4

23.8

..

Azerbaijan

23.2

25.5

25.9

27.1

27.7

31.5

India

25.4

26.8

26.8

27.4

28.1

28.6

Indonesia

30.9

33.3

35.4

36.4

36.3

..

Malaysia

39.5

45.6

46.8

43.7

45.1

43.1

China

42.4

46.0

48.0

49.1

50.6

53.8

Brazil

50.2

51.3

50.7

51.6

53.3

..

United Kingdom

56.6

56.5

58.4

60.0

61.4

..

Switzerland

57.2

57.7

58.0

59.6

61.4

..

France

61.5

62.8

64.7

65.8

67.6

..

Italy

61.7

60.9

60.9

61.9

64.3

..

Canada

65.6

64.8

66.4

68.9

70.1

..

Israel

66.9

65.5

64.9

63.4

61.5

..

Belgium

73.0

74.6

75.9

79.7

78.9

..

Russian Federation

78.5

79.9

80.6

81.9

84.6

..

United States of America

88.6

88.9

88.8

88.2

88.3

..

Republic of Korea

94.9

94.3

94.0

94.3

95.9

..


(a) Yes, Sir.

(b) The Government has approved the release of Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and UTs and it is available at the link https://pgi.udiseplus.gov.in/PGI-State- 2019-20-Brochure.pdf.

(c) Policy reforms are a continuous process that is periodically revisited to align policy with societal needs and often targeted at systemic improvements. In this direction, the National Education Policy (NEP) was unveiled in July 2020 by the Government of India and the policy is being implemented in a phased manner.

(d) National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has identified some of the major challenges currently being faced by the higher education system in India. They include:
  • A severely fragmented higher educational ecosystem;
  • Less emphasis on the development of cognitive skills and learning outcomes;
  • A rigid separation of disciplines, with early specialisation and streaming of students into narrow areas of study;
  • Limited teacher and institutional autonomy;
  • Lesser emphasis on research at most universities and colleges, and lack of competitive peer reviewed research funding across disciplines
  • An ineffective regulatory system; and
  • Large affiliating universities resulting in low standards of undergraduate education.
The Department of Higher Education has finalised a theme-wise implementation plan of NEP 2020 for higher education with various action points to overcome the challenges faced by the system and thereby deliver high-quality higher education, with equity and inclusion. The action points include:
  • Establishing/transforming   at least   one   HEI    into    large multidisciplinary   HEI in  or near every district
  • A stage wise mechanism for granting graded autonomy to colleges through a transparent system of graded accreditation
  • To end the fragmentation of higher education system by transforming HEIs into multidisciplinary universities.
  • Granting autonomy to Institutions and faculty to innovate on matters of curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment within a broad framework of higher education qualifications.
The   National   Institutional   Ranking   Framework    (NIRF),    launched    by    the Ministry of Education in 2015, is an annual exercise that ranks institutions of higher education    in    India    with    a    purpose    to    galvanize    Indian    Institutions    towards a   competitive   environment   that   exists   in today's    world.    The    key    parameters used    in    India    Rankings    help    institutions    to    work    sincerely    towards improving their national and international ranking.

नोट :- हमारे वेबसाइट www.indiangovtscheme.com पर ऐसी जानकारी रोजाना आती रहती है, तो आप ऐसी ही सरकारी योजनाओं की जानकारी पाने के लिए हमारे वेबसाइट www.indiangovtscheme.com से जुड़े रहे।
*****

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