Women Prisoners as on 31.12.2019 : National Crime Records Bureau

Women Prisoners as on 31.12.2019 : National Crime Records Bureau

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

RAJYA SABHA 

UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 2428
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 17TH  MARCH, 2021/ PHALGUNA 26, 1942 (SAKA) 

WOMEN PRISONERS

2428. SHRI RAKESH SINHA

Will the Minister of HOME AFFAIRS be pleased to state:

(a) whether Government would state the total number of women prisoners, the State-wise statistics thereof;

(b) the classification of crimes committed by women prisoners;

(c) the number of women prisons in the country and their respective capacities;

(d) the proportion of women prisoners and the space available for them;

(e) in how many states, number of prisoners are more than their capacity in prisons;

(f) whether these prisons are strictly monitored by CCTV;

(g) the number of women prisoners in jail with their kids;

(h) whether  there  is  any  case/cases  of  sexual  exploitation  of  women prisoners; and

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(i) if so, action taken in this regard? 

ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS 

(SHRI G. KISHAN REDDY)

(a): National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) compiles prison statistics reported to it by States and Union Territories (UTs) and publishes the same in its annual report “Prison Statistics India”. The latest published report is of the year 2019. State and UT-wise number of women prisoners lodged in various jails of the country as on 31.12.2019 are given in Annexure-I.
Women Prisoners
(b): Details of classification of various crimes committed by women prisoners as reported to NCRB by States and UTs are given in Annexure-II.

(c) & (d): As against the 4,78,600 inmates lodged in various jails of the country as on 31.12.2019, 19,913 were women inmates. There are 31 exclusive women jails in various States and UTs with a capacity of 6,511 women inmates, against which 3,652 women inmates are lodged. At places where there are no exclusive women jails, women prisoners are lodged in special barracks/ enclosures separate from male inmates, depending upon the requirement. Various jails in States and UTs of the country have a total capacity for 27,703 women inmates, against which 19,913 women inmates are lodged. State and UT-wise details in this regard, as on 31.12.2019, is given in Annexure-III.

(e): State and UT-wise capacity of prisons and actual inmate population as on 31.12.2019 are given in Annexure-IV.

(f): As per the latest published data of NCRB, 22,456 CCTVs have been installed in various jails of the country as on 31.12.2019.

 (g): 1,543 women prisoners having kids are lodged in various jails of the country as on 31.12.2019.

(h) & (i): ‘Prisons’, ‘persons detained therein’ and ‘Police’ are State subjects as per List II of Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The State Governments are competent to deal with such offences under extant provisions of laws. Specific information in this regard is not maintained centrally.

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 ANNEXURE-I 

State and UT-wise number of women prisoners as on 31.12.2019

S No.

State/UT

Number of Women Prisoners

1

Andhra Pradesh

466

2

Arunachal Pradesh

8

3

Assam

307

4

Bihar

1324

5

Chhattisgarh

883

6

Goa

34

7

Gujarat

563

8

Haryana

642

9

Himachal Pradesh

87

10

Jammu & Kashmir @

126

11

Jharkhand

813

12

Karnataka

611

13

Kerala

173

14

Madhya Pradesh

1758

15

Maharashtra

1569

16

Manipur

54

17

Meghalaya

29

18

Mizoram

189

19

Nagaland

4

20

Odisha

587

21

Punjab

1244

22

Rajasthan

589

23

Sikkim

12

24

Tamil Nadu

743

25

Telangana

445

26

Tripura

45

27

Uttar Pradesh

4174

28

Uttarakhand

262

29

West Bengal #

1479

30

A & N Islands

7

31

Chandigarh

49

32

D&N Haveli *

0

33

Daman & Diu *

5

34

Delhi

629

35

Lakshadweep

0

36

Puducherry

3

Total

19913

@ Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are now Union Territories. This is consolidated data of both UTs - Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

* D&N Haveli and Daman & Diu have since been merged into one UT.

# Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal for the year 2018 & 2019, data furnished for 2017 has been used.
 
ANNEXURE-II 
Classification of crimes committed by women prisoners

S No.

Offence

Indian Penal Code (IPC) Crimes

1

Murder

2

Attempt to Murder

3

C.H. not amounting to Murder

4

Rape

5

Kidnapping & Abduction

6

Dacoity

7

Prep. and Assembly for Dacoity

8

Robbery

9

Burglary

10

Thefts

11

Extortion

12

Riots

13

Arson

14

Criminal Breach of Trust

15

Cheating

16

Counterfeiting

17

Dowry Deaths

18

Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty

19

Insult to the Modesty of Women

20

Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband

21

Other IPC Crimes

Special and Local Laws (SLL) Crimes

22

Arms Act

23

NDPS Act

24

Gambling Act

25

Excise Act

26

Prohibition Act

27

Explosive & Explosive Substances Act

28

Terrorist & Distruptive Activities Act (TADA)

29

Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act

30

Indian Railways Act

31

Registration of Foreigners Act

32

Protection of Civil Rights Act

33

SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act

34

Indian Passport Act

35

Essential Commodities Act

36

Antiquities and Art Treasures Act

37

Dowry Prohibition Act

38

Foreign Exchange Regulation Act

39

Prevention of Corruption Act

40

Conservation of Foreign Exchange & Prev. of Smuggling Act

41

Other SLL Crimes


ANNEXURE-III 

State / UT-wise Women Capacity, Women Population and Occupancy in Women Jails and Total Jails as on 31.12.2019

Sl.

No.

State/UT

Women Jail

Total Jails

No. of Women Jails

Capacity

Inmate Population

Total No. of Jails

Total Women Capacity

Total Women Inmates

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHAL PRADESH ASSAM

BIHAR CHHATTISGARH GOA

GUJARAT HARYANA

HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMIR @ JHARKHAND KARNATAKA

KERALA

MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM NAGALAND

ODISHA PUNJAB RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMIL NADU TELANGANA TRIPURA

UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND WEST BENGAL #

2

0

0

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

3

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

1

7

0

5

1

0

1

0

1

280

0

0

152

0

0

410

0

0

0

0

100

232

0

262

0

0

90

0

55

320

1048

0

2018

250

0

420

0

226

213

0

0

171

0

0

190

0

0

0

0

51

112

0

363

0

0

42

0

26

188

354

0

551

222

0

219

0

321

106

2

31

59

33

1

30

19

14

15

30

104

55

131

64

5

5

10

11

91

24

144

2

141

37

13

72

11

59

926

24

684

1650

649

50

1112

911

136

138

868

1216

404

1873

1265

250

55

274

180

1902

1765

1757

40

2548

675

151

3278

154

1885

466

8

307

1324

883

34

563

642

87

126

813

611

173

1758

1569

54

29

189

4

587

1244

589

12

743

445

45

4174

262

1479

30

A & N ISLANDS

0

0

0

4

40

7

31

CHANDIGARH

0

0

0

1

120

49

32

D & N HAVELI *

0

0

0

1

10

0

33

DAMAN & DIU *

0

0

0

1

20

5

34

DELHI

2

648

629

16

648

629

35

LAKSHADWEEP

0

0

0

4

0

0

36

PUDUCHERRY

0

0

0

4

45

3

TOTAL

31

6511

3652

1350

27703

19913


ANNEXURE-IV 

State and UT-wise capacity of prisons and inmate population as on 31st December, 2019

S No.

State/UT

Available Capacity

Inmate Population

1

Andhra Pradesh

8789

7579

2

Arunachal Pradesh

233

247

3

Assam

8888

9226

4

Bihar

42222

39814

5

Chhattisgarh

12063

18112

6

Goa

624

518

7

Gujarat

13762

15089

8

Haryana

19306

20423

9

Himachal Pradesh

2146

2373

10

Jammu & Kashmir @

2910

3689

11

Jharkhand

16795

18654

12

Karnataka

14315

14515

13

Kerala

6841

7499

14

Madhya Pradesh

28718

44603

15

Maharashtra

24095

36798

16

Manipur

1272

876

17

Meghalaya

650

1023

18

Mizoram

1601

1698

19

Nagaland

1450

446

20

Odisha

19291

17563

21

Punjab

23488

24174

22

Rajasthan

22952

21599

23

Sikkim

260

400

24

Tamil Nadu

23392

14707

25

Telangana

7785

6717

26

Tripura

2174

1103

27

Uttar Pradesh

60340

101297

28

Uttarakhand

3540

5629

29

West Bengal #

21772

23092

30

A & N Islands

309

244

31

Chandigarh

1120

984

32

D&N Haveli *

70

46

33

Daman & Diu *

60

62

34

Delhi

10026

17534

35

Lakshadweep

64

4

36

Puducherry

416

263

Total

403739

478600

@ Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are now Union Territories. This is consolidated data of both UTs - Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
* D&N Haveli and Daman & Diu have since been merged into one UT.
# Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal for the year 2018 & 2019, data furnished for 2017 has been used.

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