Closure of schools and students affected due to COVID-19 pandemic : Rajya Sabha Q & A


TO BE ANSWERED ON 22.09.2020

Closure of schools and students affected due to COVID-19 pandemic

Closure of schools

1301 Shri K.C. Ramamurthy:

Will the Minister of Education be pleased to state:

(a) details of assessment made to find out the number of children impacted due to closure of schools in view of COVID-19 pandemic;

(b) whether it is a fact that some States are also closing Government schools in the name of rationalization;

(c) if so, the details of Government schools that have been closed down in the country during the last two years and the current year, year-wise and State-wise; and


(d) in what manner the Ministry will ensure that online classes can reach every student of the country?



(a) During COVID-19 Pandemic, Ministry of Education has held several consultations with the states and UTs at various levels and taken many initiatives to ensure that the school going students don’t lag behind in their studies during COVID-19 pandemic. Further, National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has conducted a survey in the month of July, 2020 with the help of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to understand the scenario of Online Learning of school students in COVID-19 pandemic situation.

(b) & (c) Education being in the concurrent list of the Constitution and majority of the schools are under the domain of respective State and UT Governments. The opening and closing of schools are within the purview of State Governments and UT Administrations. No such data is maintained centrally.

(d) A multi-pronged approach has been adopted leveraging technology to reach the students. Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA), Study Webs of Active- learning for Young Aspiring Minds(SWAYAM), SWAYAM PRABHA, MANODARPAN for psychological support, PRAGYATA Guidelines on Digital Education,  e-textbooks etc. are used by schools, colleges and universities to provide learning facilities. Where the internet facility is not available, SWAYAM PRABHA is being used to impart education through TV. Community Radio Stations and a podcast called Shiksha Vani of CBSE is also effectively used in remote areas where online classes are difficult. In addition, the Ministry has also issued the guidelines dated 13th July, 2020 for continuing education of children of migrant labourers to prevent loss of learning or academic year.


To address the issues related to gaps and/or loss of learning among students, during and after the lockdown, NCERT has prepared ‘Alternative Academic Calendar’ and ‘Students’ Learning Enhancement Guidelines’ with a focus on learning outcome. The guidelines suggest models for the following three types of scenarios:-

  • i. Learning Enhancement during COVID-19 for students without digital devices.
  • ii. Learning Enhancement during COVID-19 for students with limited accessibility to digital devices.
  • iii. Learning Enhancement during COVID-19 for students with digital devices.

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