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Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization across the country.

Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization  across the country. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTR...

Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization  across the country.

Solid+waste+issue
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE

LOK SABHA 

UNSTARRED QUESTION No.2557 
ANSWERED ON 06.03.2020

Shortage of Landfill Sites

SHRI MITESH RAMESHBHAI PATEL (BAKABHAI)

Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:

(a) whether there is shortage of landfill sites across the country;

(b) if so, the details thereof, State/UT-wise;

(c) whether people of the country including tourists are suffering from health problems due to improper waste management and shortage of landfill sites; and

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(d) if so, the details thereof and the corrective measures taken by the Government in this regard?

 ANSWER 
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 
FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI BABUL SUPRIYO)

(a) and (b) As reported by the Central Pollution Control Board, there are approximately 3135 dump sites in the country out of which 37 are either reclaimed or capped. Further, there are 8 dump sites which are converted to sanitary landfill sites. The shortage of land for the landfill activity is the biggest concern of every municipality. To streamline the problem of solid waste, including addressing the issue of landfill sites, the Ministry in supersession of Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, has notified the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016. The Rules prescribe the waste generators to segregate the waste at source and hand over the segregated waste to authorized waste pickers or waste collectors. As per the provisions of the Rules, only the non-usable, non-recyclable, non- biodegradable, non-combustible and non-reactive inert waste and pre-processing rejects and residues from waste processing facilities are allowed to go to sanitary landfill sites. The rules further stipulate that every effort shall be made to recycle or reuse the rejects to achieve the desired objective of zero waste going to landfill.

As per the information available with Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), the total quantity of solid waste produced is 1.47 lakh ton per day. Out of the total waste, 60% of the waste is being processed in the country. The remaining quantity of waste is being dumped in the dumpsites.The state wise details on the generation of Solid Waste and the quantity of waste being processed in each state is enclosed as Annexure – A.

(c) and (d) Improper waste management cause several problems including the impact on health of citizens and tourists. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has overall mandate to take periodic review of the measures taken by the states and local bodies for improving their solid waste management practices. MoHUA is implementing the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) project under which various projects have been taken up. Under this programme during the mission period of 2014-15 to 2019-20, an allocation of Rs. 7424.24 Cr has been made for Solid Waste Management Projects

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To tackle the issue of existing landfill sites, the Rules provide criteria for closure and rehabilitation of old dumps. The solid waste dumps which have reached their full capacity have to be closed and rehabilitated by reducing the waste by bio mining and waste processing followed by placement of residues in new landfills or capping.
Annexure-A
Ward with 100% door to door collection, (Nos.) Total Wards (Nos.) Total waste generation (MT/D) Total waste processing
1 Andhra Pradesh 3409 3,409 6,141
63%
2 Andaman and Nicobar
24
24
90
95%
3 Arunachal Pradesh
75
75
181
0%
4 Assam
698
943
1,432
53%
5 Bihar 3276 3,377 2,272
51%
6 Chandigarh
26
26
479
95%
7 Chhattisgarh 3217 3,217 1,650
90%
8 Daman&Diu
28
28
32
75%
9 Dadra & Nagar Haveli
15
15
55
100%
10 Delhi
294
294
10,500
55%
11 Goa
217
217
250
70%
12 Gujarat 1427 1,427 10,274
87%
13 Haryana 1401 1,496 4,783
48%
14 Himachal Pradesh
490
497
377
78%
15 Jammu & Kashmir
809
1,081 1,489
16%
16 Jharkhand
897
932
2,135
60%
17 Karnataka 6464 6,464 10,000
54%
18 Kerala 3022 3,536 2,696
71%
19 Madhya Pradesh 7115 7,115 6,424
87%
20 Maharashtra 6590 7,322 22,080
58%
21 Manipur
270
306
174
58%
22 Meghalaya
27
114
268
4%
23 Mizoram
264
264
236
35%
24 Nagaland
148
234
461
60%
25 Odisha 2009 2,024 2,721
48%
26 Puducherry
122
122
415
13%
27 Punjab 3064 3,123 4,100
61%
28 Rajasthan 5389 5,389 6,500
72%
29 Sikkim
53
53
89
70%
30 Tamil Nadu 12429 12,814 15,437
68%
31 Telangana 2020 2,112 8,634
78%
32 Tripura
277
310
450
53%
33 Uttar Pradesh 11872 12,007 15,500
58%
34 Uttarakhand 1170 1,170 1,589
46%
35 West Bengal 2527 2,938 7,700
9%
36 Lakshadweep
Total/ Average 81,135 84,475 147,613
60%

Source : Lok Sabha

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Indian Govt Scheme - Sarkari Yojna - सरकारी योजना: Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization across the country.
Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization across the country.
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