Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana

Brief Background

1. Scheduled Castes (SCs), who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social and educational disabilities and economic deprivation arising there from. Accordingly, special provisions have been enshrined in the Constitution for advancement of their interests. These provisions range from measures to remove any kind of social disabilities imposed on them to ensure equality of opportunity in every sphere, to measures of positive discrimination to bring them on par with rest of the population.
Pradhan+mantri+adarsh+gram+yojana
2. Article 46 of Part IV ("Directive Principles of State Policy") of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38 (2) in the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income, and to endeavor to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.

3. The Government has hence taken a number of initiatives for development of SCs, which have yielded positive outcomes, and have also resulted in narrowing the gap between the Scheduled Castes and the rest of the population. However, the focus of most welfare Schemes of SCs has been mainly cantered on individual beneficiaries rather than on the integrated development of SC pockets.

4. To enable an area based development approach, a new scheme called the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched on a Pilot basis during 2009-10, following the Finance Minister’s declaration in his Budget Speech delivered on 6.7.2009. The Scheme aims at integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50%. A total of 1000 villages from Tamil Nadu (225), Rajasthan (225), Bihar (225), Himachal Pradesh (225) and Assam (100) were selected for the Pilot phase.

5. During 2014-15, PMAGY was further extended (Phase-I) to cover another 1500 villages across 11 States namely Andhra Pradesh (7), Assam (75), Chhattisgarh (175), Jharkhand (100), Haryana (12), Karnataka (201), Madhya Pradesh (327), Odisha (175), Punjab (162), Telangana (6) and Uttar Pradesh (260).

Expansion of the Scheme:

6. In light of the benefits accruing to the residents of the villages through successful implementation of the Scheme, it has been decided to take up more villages in the Phase-II. All those districts are considered which have villages having total population ≥500 and with more than 50% persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes. Up to 10 such villages in descending order of SC population are proposed to be selected from each such district for implementation of the Scheme in this new Phase.

Revision of Scheme Guidelines:

7. To ensure all round development of the selected villages, so that they can indeed become ‘Adarsh Grams’, the said Scheme has been recently revised to capture the Gaps in critical socio-economic ‘Monitorable Indicators’ as part of various sectors/domains. These domains include water and sanitation, education, health and nutrition, agricultural best practices etc. amongst others.

New Approach for implementation:

8. The identification of needs or Gaps with regard to the ‘Monitor able Indicators’ will be based on a Need Assessment exercise. The ‘Village Development Plan’ (VDP) will be based on the data collected as part of the Need Assessment exercise. The Scheme relies heavily on convergence with other initiatives of the Central and State Governments for ensuring that the minimum infrastructure and critical services are made available to all the persons in the village, especially those belonging to the Scheduled Castes. PMAGY will provide the platform for convergent implementation of other Schemes with the aim to achieve saturation in the variousdomains. Whereas it is expected that the major portion of the funds requirement for implementation would be met from other Central or State Schemes, the ‘Gap-filling’ funds will be provided under the Scheme, for those areas which cannot be covered otherwise.

Funding under the Scheme:

9. For every new village selected, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 21 lakh of which Rs.20.00 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs.1.00 lakh is meant for ‘administrative expenses’ at the Centre, State, District and Village level in the ratio of 1:1:1:2. Initially, 50% of the admissible grant i.e. Rs.10.40 lakh per new village (including Rs. 10 lakh for ‘Gap-filling’ and Rs. 40, 000 for ‘administrative expenses’) will be released to the State Govt. either through PMAGY or through the infrastructure component of the Scheme of SCA to SCSP, or both. The remaining 50% of funds for the new villages would be released after due appraisal by the Central PMAGY Steering-cum-Monitoring Committee and only after reasonable physical and financial progress is achieved.

10. In addition to the newly selected villages, villages already implementing PMAGY in Phase-I will also receive an additional round of funding so that they are also able to achieve the desired goals for the socio- economic indicators now specified under the new Scheme Guidelines, provided they meet the revised eligibility criteria. For these villages, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 10 lakh of which Rs. 9.50 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs. 0.50 lakh is for ‘administrative expenses’ at the Centre, State, District and Village level in the ratio of 1:1:1:2.

11. Details of 'funding' and 'flow of fund' are explained at para-9 and 10 of the Scheme Guidelines. The State Government/UT Administration would initially release the funds to the District Administrations for, ‘administrative expenses’ i.e. for capacity building, awareness generation, preparation of the ‘Village Development Plans’ (VDPs) and initiating other non-cost based activities. The funds under the ‘Gap-filling’ component are to be released to the District Administration only after approval of the VDPs of the selected villages by the District PMAGY Convergence Committee and thereafter the District Administration can release funds to the Gram Panchayats or line departments for execution of the identified infrastructure works under VDP.

Project Monitoring:

12. The Scheme provides for setting up of various levels of Committees for guidance, monitoring and implementation. These Committees, especially the Convergence Committees at the Village, District and State levels, are crucial to the implementation as they would assess the requirements as well as plan and execute the works/services that are needed to be undertaken under various Schemes for the wholesome development of the villages. Selection of Villages under Phase-II of the Scheme and release of Fund:

13. The list of States/UTs in their descending order of their SC population as well as no. of villages eligible for funding under Phase-II as per revised norms of the scheme are as under:

Sl. No.
State
SC
Population
Ten village per district
taken under the Scheme under Phase-II
Fund Required (in Rs. Lakh)
Phase-I New Total Phase-I New Total
1
Uttar Pradesh 413, 57, 608 49 675 724 490 14175 14665
2
West Bengal 214, 63, 270 0 210 210 0 4410 4410
3
Bihar 165, 67, 325 0 348 348 0 7308 7308
4
Tamil Nadu 144, 38, 445 0 271 271 0 5691 5691
5
Maharashtra 132, 75, 898 0 145 145 0 3045 3045
6
Rajasthan 122, 21, 593 0 288 288 0 6048 6048
7
Madhya Pradesh 113, 42, 320 67 333 400 670 6993 7663
8
Karnataka 104, 74, 992 25 239 264 250 5019 5269
9
Punjab 88, 60, 179 57 161 218 570 3381 3951
10
Andhra Pradesh 84, 45, 398 4 99 103 40 2079 2119
11
Orissa 71, 88, 463 83 192 275 830 4032 4862
12
Telangana 54, 09, 000 5 133 138 50 2793 2843
13
Haryana 51, 13, 615 11 137 148 110 2877 2987
14
Gujarat 40, 74, 447 0 25 25 0 525 525
15
Jharkhand 39, 85, 644 44 129 173 440 2709 3149
16
Chhattisgarh 32, 74, 269 10 128 138 100 2688 2788
17
Kerala 30,39,573 0 1 1 0 21 21
18
Assam 22, 31, 321 35 238 273 350 4998 5348
19
Uttarakhand 18, 92, 516 0 124 124 0 2604 2604
20
Himachal Pradesh 17, 29, 252 0 90 90 0 1890 1890
21
Jammu and Kashmir 9, 24, 991 0 71 71 0 1491 1491
22
Tripura 6, 54, 918 0 31 31 0 651 651
23
Puducherry 1, 96, 325 0 10 10 0 210 210
24
Manipur 97, 328 0 12 12 0 252 252
25
Meghalaya 17,355 0 4 4 0 84 84
TOTAL
390 4, 094 4, 484 3900 85974 89874

14.  Fund Released under Phase-II of the Scheme:

Sl. No.
State
No of Villages for which fund released/being released
Fund Released/being released Remarks
Phase
-I
New Total Phase- I New Total
1

Uttar Pradesh
37 328 365 366.3 3411.2 3777.5 SCA to SCSP*
2
West Bengal 0 105 105 0.0 1092.0 1092.0 &
3
Bihar 0 181 181 0.0 1882.4 1882.4 &
4
Tamil Nadu 0 144 144 0.0 1497.6 1497.6 PMAGY*
5
Maharashtra 0 91 91 0.0 946.4 946.4 PMAGY*
6
Rajasthan 0 148 148 0.0 1539.2 1539.2 MCC
7

Madhya Pradesh
180 226 1872.0 2327.4 MCC
46 455.4 MCC
8
Karnataka 125
137
1300.0
1419.0
PMAGY*
12 119.0 SCA to SCSP*
9
Punjab 76
110
790.4
1127.0
PMAGY*
34 336.6 SCA to SCSP#
10
Andhra Pradesh 3 53 56 29.7 551.2 580.9 SCA to SCSP*
11
Orissa 55 92 147 544.5 956.8 1501.3 SCA to SCSP*
12
Telangana 5 90 95 49.5 936.0 985.5 MCC
13
Haryana 8 85 93 79.2 884.0 963.2
14
Gujarat 0 25 25 0.0 260.0 260.0 PMAGY*
15
Jharkhand 23 79 102 227.7 821.6 1049.3
16
Chhattisgarh 7 70 77 69.3 728.0 797.3 MCC
17
Kerala 0 1 1 0.0 10.4 10.4 PMAGY*
18
Assam 134
151
1393.6
1561.9
PMAGY*
17 168.3 SCA to SCSP**
19
Uttarakhand 0 65 65 0.0 676.0 676.0
20
Himachal Pradesh 0 47 47 0.0 488.8 488.8 &
21
Jammu and Kashmir 0 38 38 0.0 395.2 395.2 PMAGY*
22
Tripura 0 26 26 0.0 270.4 270.4 SCA to SCSP*
23
Puducherry 0 5 5 0.0 52.0 52.0
24
Manipur 0 12 12 0.0 124.8 124.8 PMAGY**
25
Meghalaya 0 4 4 0.0 41.6 41.6
TOTAL 247 2, 204 2, 451 2445.3 22921.6 25366.9

Progress of Pilot Phase:

15.  Physical and Financial Progress during Pilot Phase of the Scheme:



Sl


State

No. of selected villages

No of Works Approved

No of Works completed
No of Villages declared ‘Adarsh
Gram’

Total Fund Released (Rs. In Cr.)

UC
Submitted
1 Assam 100 100 20.10 20.10
2 Bihar 225 3721 3162 23 45.225 45.225
3 Himachal Pradesh 225 44 45.255 45.15
4 Rajasthan 225 1334-61 1273 225 45.255 45.15
5 Tamil Nadu 225 225 45.225 45.15
Total
1000 617

Progress of Phase-I:

16.  Physical and Financial Progress during Phase-I of the Scheme:

Sl
State
No of Villages selected under Phase-I
By Dept. Under Discretion Redistributed Total
1
Assam 75
75
2
Uttar Pradesh 200 10 50
260
3
Madhya Pradesh 200 77 50
327
4
Karnataka 200 1
201
5
Punjab 100 12 50
162
6
Odisha 100 75
175
7
Jharkhand 100
100
8
Chhattisgarh 100 75
175
9
Haryana 12
12
10
Andhra Pradesh 7
7
11
Telangana 6
6
TOTAL
1075 125 300 1500

Sl
State
Central Assistance Released (Rs. Cr) Matching Share
14-15 15-16 16-17 17-18 18-19 Total
1
Assam 15.75 15.75
2
Uttar Pradesh 1.00 42.00 1.10 8.65 1.85 54.60
3
Madhya Pradesh 7.70 47.32 3.15 10.50 68.67
4
Karnataka 0.10 40.00 2.11 42.21
5
Punjab 18.70 3.50 1.32 16.10 39.62 5.60
6
Odisha 21.00 15.75 36.75
7
Jharkhand 21.00 21.00
8
Chhattisgarh 21.00 20.75 3.75 45.50 8.75
9
Haryana 1.20 1.32 2.52
10
Andhra Pradesh 0.70 0.77 1.47
11
Telangana 0.60 0.66 1.26
Total 30.00 195.82 62.68 39.00 1.85 329.35 14.35

Sl

State
Physical and Financial Progress
Expendit ure
(Rs. Cr.)
No of Villages VDP
Prepare d
Works Appd.
Works comple ted
Works in
Progres s
Villages declared
Adarsh Gram
1
Assam
75
68
58
0
58
0
0
2
Uttar Pradesh 260
210
775
13
367
140
32.02
3
Madhya Pradesh 327
251
2018
386
398
0
21.25
4
Karnataka 201
199
102
0
78
0
40.10
5
Punjab 162
105
677
101
557
0
21.09
6
Odisha 175
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
Jharkhand 100
100
1120
0
1120
0
0
8
Chhattisgarh 175
175
2025
62
1857
0
41.75
9
Haryana
12
9
18
2
16
0
0
10
Andhra Pradesh
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
Telangana
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total
1500
1117
6793
564
4451
140
156.21

17. Financial Year wise releases are given below:

Year
Budget Allocation (Rs. In Crore) Expenditure (Rs. In Crore)
Up to 2013-14
-
201.00
2014-15
30.00 30.00
2015-16
200.00 195.82
2016-17
90.00 62.68
2017-18
40.00 39.00
2018-19
(Till 14-11-2018)
70.00 65.94
Total
594.44

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