Farmers Welfare Schemes

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATION & FARMERS WELFARE 

LOK SABHA 
STARRED QUESTION NO. 21 
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 5TH FEBRUARY, 2019 

WELFARE SCHEMES FOR FARMERS 

21. SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI 
      ADV. JOICE GEORGE

Will the Minister of AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE कृषि  एवं किसान कल्याण मंत्री be pleased to state: 
  • (a) whether the Economic Survey 2018 states that the farmers real income has “remained stagnant” (1.9 per cent growth over four years) and if so, the reaction of the Government thereto; 
  • (b) whether the Government has any welfare schemes for farmers aged more than 60, if so, the details thereof and if not, the reasons therefor; 
  • (c) whether the Government has noted that one of the major causes of low income of the Indian farmers is the difficulty in marketing their crops and if so, the details thereof and the steps taken by the Government in this regard; 
  • (d) whether the productivity per acre is low in all the States and if so, the details thereof, State-wise; and 
  • (e) the steps taken by the Government to improve the situation? 
WELFARE+SCHEMES+FOR+FARMERS
ANSWER 
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE कृषि एवं किसान कल्याण मंत्री  
(SHRI RADHA MOHAN SINGH) 

(a) to (e)  A statement is laid on the Table of the House. 

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) TO (e) OF LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 21 DUE FOR REPLY ON 5TH FEBRUARY, 2019. 

(a)  The Economic Survey 2017-18 makes no specific mention of stagnation in farmers’ real income. It, however, indicates that climate change could impact farm income through increase in average temperatures, decline in average rainfall and increase in the number of dry-days. 

Government is implementing a number of schemes for promoting climate resilient agriculture to cope with the challenges of climate change. The key dimensions for climate change adaptation include promotion of drought and flood tolerant varieties of seeds; better water use efficiency; improved nutrient and pest management; improved farm practices, agricultural insurance, credit support, markets; access to information; and livelihood diversification. 

(b)  Yes, Madam. There are various welfare schemes/ programmes being implemented by the Government which, among others, cover people above 60 years of age, including farmers. These include Atal Pension Yojana (APY), Ayushman Bharat- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), Indira Gandhi Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Integrated Programme of Older Persons (IPOP), Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY), etc. 

(c)  Agriculture marketing is a State subject and the concerned States/Union Territories regulate and facilitate marketing of agriculture produce under their respective regulations. The Union Government, while taking note of the deficiencies in the existing marketing facilities in the country and its impact on farmers’ income, has released a new model “The Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2017” in April 2017 for its adoption by States/Union Territories (UTs). The Act provides for alternative marketing channels to facilitate farmers in marketing their produce directly at competitive & remunerative prices. Furthermore, with a view to optimize the use of scarce resources and mitigate the uncertainty in price and marketing, Union Government has formulated and released a progressive and facilitative Model Act “The ---State/ UT Agricultural Produce & Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018” in May, 2018 for its adoption by the States/Union Territories (UTs). The Model Act covers the entire value and supply chain from pre-production to post harvest marketing including services contract for the agricultural produce and livestock. 

In addition, Government has implemented National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) scheme for transparency in price discovery through competitive online bidding system so as to ensure remunerative prices for the farmers for their produce. So far, 585 wholesale regulated markets of 16 States and 2 UTs have been integrated with e-NAM platform. Government has further approved the integration of another 415 wholesale regulated markets (APMCs/Mandis) with e-NAM platform by 2019-20. Moreover, as per the announcement made in the Union Budget 2018-19, Government has decided to develop and upgrade existing 22,000 rural haats into Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs) to work as centers of aggregation and to provide farmers facility to make direct sale to consumers and bulk purchasers. 

(d) & (e)  The productivity level varies from crop to crop as well as from state to state. In case of cereals, Punjab has the highest yield rate at 4733 kilogram per hectare (kg/ha) in 2017-18 (as per Fourth Advance Estimates). Similarly, in case of Pulses, Himachal Pradesh is estimated to have the highest yield of 1395 kg/ha during 2017-18, and for Oilseeds, Tamil Nadu has the highest yield of 2579 kg/ha. State-wise level of yield (kg/ha) during the last few years is given in the Annexure. 

In order to increase the production and productivity of agricultural crops, Government is implementing several Crop Development Schemes/Programmes, including National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI), National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Soil Health Card, etc. 

Annexure in reference to Reply to Part (d) and (e) of the Lok Sabha Starred Q.No. 21 due for reply on 05-02-2019 
Annexure 
State-wise Yield of Cereals, Pulses and Oilseeds
(Kg/hectare)
State/UT
Cereals
Pulses
Oilseeds
2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18* 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18* 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18*
(2)
(3) (4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Andhra Pradesh 3139 3269 3500 3690 3995 928 911 848 659 870 929 557 954 581 1323
Arunachal Pradesh 1825 1924 1505 1733
NA
1155 1263 1015 1011
NA
958 971 1040 1040
NA
Assam 1989 2095 2067 1922 2108 695 748 757 735 707 611 670 694 643 670
Bihar 2100 2067 2320 2596 2677 1044 859 845 936 884 1189 1093 1059 1155 1212
Chhattisgarh 1717 1616 1481 2055 1270 573 818 609 858 693 640 599 501 572 461
Goa 2953 2870 2783 2774
NA
1102 944 754 1004
NA
2544 1899 2126 2352
NA
Gujarat 2370 2226 2244 2309 2419 897 972 931 868 1018 2231 1920 1627 1725 2123
Haryana 3964 3480 3713 3789 3691 820 674 680 897 979 1637 1456 1589 1832 2007
Himachal Pradesh 1970 1925 2144 2258 1910 1763 1232 1504 2019 1395 490 542 520 487 520
Jammu & Kashmir 1954 1298 1919 1774 1761 535 381 631 547 529 895 682 599 523 648
Jharkhand 2181 2135 1738 2161 2268 1021 1004 886 1002 1065 663 664 681 732 729
Karnataka 2105 2206 1949 1839 2028 641 601 403 586 614 824 698 583 623 807
Kerala 2549 2833 2787 2548 2636 1108 1131 1133 984 934 980 1054 1049 125 957
Madhya Pradesh 2051 2398 2564 2589 2650 861 876 903 944 1084 858 1093 841 1177 1046
Maharashtra 1420 1151 940 1442 1591 802 602 436 865 759 1276 672 579 1160 1010
Manipur 1842 1576 1526 1812
NA
937 959 963 973
NA
840 863 847 858
NA
Meghalaya 2416 2601 2624 1871
NA
1126 1405 1442 1446
NA
1030 1071 1091 1051
NA
Mizoram 1509 1626 1615 1652
NA
1468 1416 1361 1352
NA
1146 1117 1112 1140
NA
Nagaland 2142 2188 1666 1693
NA
1124 1146 1150 1151
NA
1048 1048 1047 1050
NA
Odisha 1820 1968 1480 2141 1751 537 532 505 548 548 755 667 632 681 619
Punjab 4525 4078 4292 4373 4733 872 846 965 887 905 1335 1265 1318 1386 1467
Rajasthan 1671 1865 1762 1804 1820 593 580 515 604 635 1144 1192 1182 1351 1453
Sikkim 1647 1649 1562 1681
NA
925 925 954 961
NA
887 891 909 918
NA
Tamil Nadu 3114 3342 3810 1719 3919 752 852 631 544 635 2362 2374 2290 1870 2579
Telangana 3200 3107 2863 3059 3321
-
644 508 771 885
-
1270 1102 1385 1739
Tripura 2772 2875 2897 2854
NA
719 718 673 952
NA
759 793 771 814
NA
Uttar Pradesh 2710 2152 2369 2703 2793 736 612 619 871 974 810 698 670 876 1054
Uttarakhand 2083 1891 2079 2230 2345 869 821 821 869 877 1070 938 1100 929 931
West Bengal 2811 2773 2925 2817 2995 843 941 967 968 969 1181 1161 1168 1147 1198
A & N Islands 2033 2079 2217 2572
NA
486 541 649 304
NA
NA NA NA NA
NA
D & N Haveli 1771 1764 2312 2173
NA
898 897 1174 2035
NA
667 571 NA 366
NA
Delhi 4061 3908 3654 3653
NA
1500 NA 3270 2120
NA
NA NA 1260 1248
NA
Daman & Diu 1754 2621 1184 1132
NA
NA NA NA NA
NA
NA NA NA NA
NA
Puducherry 3144 3160 2698 3210
NA
425 630 241 377
NA
1907 2280 2345 2511
NA
Others NA NA 4600 2500 2363 NA NA NA NA 1236 NA NA NA NA 1064
All India 2462 2331 2393 2525 2661 764 728 655 786 841 1168 1075 968 1195 1270
 
*4th Advance Estimates., NA: Not Available
Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, DAC&FW
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