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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

The Government has set a target of doubling of farmers’ income by the year 2022

The Government has set a target of doubling of farmers’ income by the year 2022

FARMERS’ INCOME 

(a) to (e)   A statement is laid on the Table of the House.
FARMERS+INCOME
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) TO (e) OF LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 124 DUE FOR REPLY ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019. 

(a) to (c)  The Government has been reorienting the agriculture sector by focusing on an income-centeredness which goes beyond achieving merely the targeted production. The income approach focuses on achieving high productivity, reduced cost of cultivation and remunerative price on the produce, with a view to earn higher profits from farming. 

The Government has set a target of doubling of farmers’ income by the year 2022. The Government has constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer, National Rainfed Area Authority, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare to examine issues relating to doubling of farmers’ income and recommend a strategy to achieve doubling of farmers’ income in real terms by the year 2022. The Committee has submitted its report to the Government. 

The committee has identified seven sources of income growth viz, improvement in crop productivity; improvement in livestock productivity; resource use efficiency or savings in the cost of production; increase in the cropping intensity; diversification towards high value crops; improvement in real prices received by farmers; and shift from farm to non-farm occupations. The committee is also looking into the investments in and for agriculture e.g. increasing public investments for agriculture-rural roads, rural electricity, irrigation; the need for policy support to enable investments by corporate sector in agriculture. 

Several initiatives have already been taken among each of the above mention strategies which inter-alia include: 
  • (i) Implementation of flagship scheme of distribution of Soil Health Cards to farmers so that the use of fertilizers can be optimized. 
  • (ii) “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)” under which organic farming is being promoted. 
  • (iii) “Per drop more crop” initiative under which drip/sprinkler irrigation is being encouraged for optimal utilization of water. 
  • (iv) Launch of eNAM initiative to provide farmers an electronic online trading platform. 
  • (v) With a view to provide better insurance coverage to crops for risk mitigation, Government has launched a crop insurance scheme namely Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) from Kharif 2016 season. This scheme provides insurance cover for all stages of the crop cycle including post-harvest risks in specified instances. 
  • (vi) The Government provides total interest subvention up to 5% (inclusive of 3% prompt repayment incentive) on short-term crop loans up to Rs. 3.00 lakh. Thus, loan is available to farmers at a reduced rate of 4% per annum on prompt repayment. 
  • (vii) Giving a major boost to the pro-farmer initiatives, the Government has approved a new Umbrella Scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan(PM-AASHA)’. The Scheme is aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce as announced in the Union Budget for 2018. This is an unprecedented step taken by Govt. of India to protect the farmers’ income which is expected to go a long way towards the welfare of farmers. 
  • (viii) Under “Har Medh Par Ped”, agro forestry is being promoted. With the amendment of Indian Forest Act, 1947 Bamboo grown outside forest area has been removed from the definition of trees and a mission have been launched to promote bamboo plantation. 
  • (ix) Giving a major boost for the farmers income, the Government has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSPs) for all Kharif & Rabi crops for 2018-19 season at a level of at least 150 percent of the cost of production. 
  • (x) Bee keeping has been promoted under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) to increase the productivity of crops through pollination and increase the honey production as an additional source of income of farmers. 
  • (xi) Rashtriya Gokul Mission to enhance milk production and productivity of bovines and to make milk production more remunerative to the farmers. 
  • (xii) National Livestock Mission to increase productivity and genetic improvement of livestock. 
  • (xiii) Foreseeing high potential in fisheries sector, a Blue Revolution with multi dimensional activities mainly focusing on fisheries production, both inland and marine is being implemented. 
  • (xiv) Government sets annual target for the flow of credit to the agriculture sector, Banks have been consistently surpassing the annual target. The current year’s agriculture credit flow target has been set at Rs. 11 lakh crore. 
  • (xv) Initiating market reforms through the State Governments. 
  • (xvi) Encouraging contract farming through the State Governments by promulgating of Model Contract Farming Act. 
  • (xvii) Up gradation of Gramin Haats to work as centers of aggregation and for direct purchase of agricultural commodities from the farmers. 
All these steps are implemented to reduce agrarian distress and increase the farmers’ income. 
  • The review of schemes is a continuous process. Further, the major schemes are regularly monitored and evaluated from time to time through independent agencies/ institutes and revamped on the basis of the feedback. 
  • The Government with a view to augment the income of Small and Marginal Farmers, has recently announced “Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KiSaN)” a new Central Sector Scheme will be 100% funded by the Government of India. 
  • Under the Scheme, financial benefit of Rs. 6000/- per year will be provided to all Small and Marginal Farmer families, subject to certain exclusions, having cultivable land holding upto 2 hectare. This financial benefit will be provided in 3 equal installments of Rs. 2000/- each in a period of every four months in a financial year. The benefit shall be admissible under the scheme w.e.f. 01.12.2018. The definition of a Small and Marginal landholder farmer family is comprising husband, wife and minor children who collectively own cultivable land upto 2 hectare as per land records of the concerned State/UT. 
  • The Government has approved for giving the facility of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to the farmers practicing animal husbandry and fisheries related activities and has also decided to extend the Interest Subvention Facilities to such categories of farmers. 
(d) & (e)  Agriculture being a State subject, the State Governments undertakes development of perspective plans and ensures effective implementation of the programmes/ schemes. Also, Government of India supplements the efforts of the State Governments through various Schemes/ Programmes. Details of State-wise funds allocated under various schemes being implemented during 2018-19 is Annexed. 

Lok Sabha Starred Question No. 124 due for 12.02.2019 Statement in respect of Part (d) & (e) of the Question regarding ‘Farmers’ Income’ 
Annexure 
Details of State-wise funds allocated, released and expenditure under schemes being implemented by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare during 2018-19 
(Rs in Crore)
Sl.
No.
Name of the Scheme National Food Security Mission (NFSM) National Food Security Mission- Oil Seeds and Oil Palm(NFSM- OS&OP) Erstwhile NMOOP
Rainfed Area Development & Climate Change (Erstwhile Rainfed Area Development)
Soil Health Management (SHM) Soil Health Card (SHC)
As on Date 01.02.2019
01.02.2019
01.02.2019
01.01.2019 01.02.2019
Name of the State
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.#
Alloc.
1
Andhra Pradesh
73.92
52.50
17.50
6.11
13.46
2
Arunachal Pradesh
9.60
9.70
2.00
0.17
0.66
3
Assam
162.21
33.80
2.00
2.62
9.91
4
Bihar
83.31
11.74
2.00
4.74
12.90
5
Chhattisgarh
111.82
21.87
6.50
4.28
7.00
6
Goa
0.13
0.05
0.08
0.26
7
Gujarat
26.76
25.06
11.60
8.70
18.33
8
Haryana
20.29
4.01
1.00
3.24
16.00
9
Himachal Pradesh
12.92
0.00
8.00
0.49
1.51
10 Jammu & Kashmir
12.76
0.89
2.00
0.70
2.47
11 Jharkhand
58.70
7.00
7.50
0.97
1.49
12 Karnataka
138.40
13.92
10.00
9.98
16.71
13 Kerala
1.08
0.09
1.00
1.16
2.06
14 Madhya Pradesh
308.89
30.50
2.00
13.68
23.72
15 Maharashtra
155.90
48.56
25.00
15.68
31.20
16 Manipur
13.71
1.79
2.00
0.16
0.34
17 Meghalaya
5.95
1.67
4.00
0.23
0.61
18 Mizoram
3.04
11.64
7.00
0.09
0.23
19 Nagaland
18.87
6.79
9.00
0.30
0.53
20 Odisha
84.96
19.94
17.00
4.18
6.84
21 Punjab
16.15
0.50
0.00
3.57
8.12
22 Rajasthan
188.82
56.00
2.00
16.43
42.19
23 Sikkim
11.29
0.50
2.40
0.07
0.88
24 Tamil Nadu
58.00
14.01
32.00
4.59
12.86
25 Telangana
34.22
10.00
10.50
4.61
9.98
26 Tripura
22.46
1.72
6.00
0.23
0.53
27 Uttar Pradesh
189.13
19.49
20.00
14.89
46.22
28 Uttarakhand
20.29
0.84
8.00
0.63
2.18
29 West Bengal
109.22
52.23
8.00
4.60
12.74
30 A&N Island
0.00
0.08
31 Dadra & Nagar Havali
0.00
0.08
32 Pondicherry
0.00
0.15
Total
1952.79
456.82
226.00
127.21
302.25

NFSM:- Expenditure is yet to be reported by the States. & UTs are not covered under NFSM.
RAD:- The allocation is as per initial allocation at BE stage conveyed to the States. However, releases have been made according to the revised allocation, performance of demand of states during implementation.
SHM:- # Area based allocation on Agriculture Census 2010-11.

Details of State-wise funds allocated, released and expenditure under schemes being implemented by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare during 2018-19
(Rs in Crore)
Sl.
No.
Name of the Scheme
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (Erstwhile Support to State Extension Programme for Extension Reforms - SMAE)
National E- Governance Plan (NEGP-A) Phase- II
Sub-Mission on Agriculture Mechanization (SMAM)
Sub Mission on Seeds & Planting Material (SMSP)
As on Date 01.02.2019
01.02.2019
05.02.2019 01.02.2019 07.02.2019
Name of the State
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
1
Andhra Pradesh
80.78
18.86
1.09
150.00
10.17
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0.00
11.15
1.30
10.00
2.00
3
Assam
0.00
12.22
30.00
14.50
4
Bihar
2.06
37.83
3.02
50.00
4.80
5
Chhattisgarh
20.20
16.35
1.12
50.00
5.80
6
Goa
10.10
1.44
0.00
1.00
7
Gujarat
0.00
28.98
1.70
15.00
8.80
8
Haryana
0.00
13.70
0.94
60.00
2.35
9
Himachal Pradesh
2.27
9.49
15.00
7.51
10
Jammu & Kashmir
0.76
16.78
1.02
13.62
9.50
11
Jharkhand
15.15
28.13
3.00
4.55
12
Karnataka
10.10
25.84
104.98
7.23
13
Kerala
2.22
16.38
15.00
1.00
14
Madhya Pradesh
49.44
39.70
100.00
32.62
15
Maharashtra
7.07
41.14
151.71
22.05
16
Manipur
0.00
9.48
0.50
10.00
2.00
17
Meghalaya
0.00
4.88
0.70
4.00
2.00
18
Mizoram
0.00
4.14
0.70
8.00
2.00
19
Nagaland
0.00
13.28
1.20
41.96
3.00
20
Odisha
14.54
35.56
1.91
72.96
6.70
21
Punjab
2.02
18.92
1.04
30.00
1.00
22
Rajasthan
100.98
23.23
1.71
30.00
16.80
23
Sikkim
0.00
3.13
0.50
5.00
1.00
24
Tamil Nadu
4.04
45.41
2.40
153.21
16.72
25
Telangana
0.00
10.80
0.69
20.00
7.40
26
Tripura
0.00
4.73
1.00
50.00
1.00
27
Uttar Pradesh
10.10
105.69
4.78
75.00
46.55
28
Uttarakhand
118.15
8.75
0.72
50.00
11.13
29
West Bengal
0.00
39.42
1.96
15.00
3.57
30
A&N Island
0.00
3.00
0.21
31
Chandigarh
2.19
0.09
32
Dadra & Nagar Havali
0.00
0.09
33
Daman & Diu
0.00
0.11
34
Delhi
0.00
0.50
0.10
1.00
35
Lakshdweep
4.54
0.17
36
Pondicherry
0.00
1.63
0.24
1.00
Total
456.70
650.50
31.00
1333.44
256.75

Details of State-wise funds allocated, released and expenditure under schemes being implemented by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare during 2018-19
(Rs in Crore)
Sl.
No.
Name of the Scheme Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
National Agrofrostery & Bamboo Mission (Erstwhile National Bamboo Mission) (NABM)
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
Per Drop More Crop component of PMKSY
Sub-Mission on Agro forestry (SMAF)
As on Date
01.02.2019
01.02.2019
01.02.2019 07.02.2019 04.02.2019
Name of the State
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
Alloc.
1
Andhra Pradesh
114
11.84
204.71
520.00
2.50
2
Arunachal Pradesh
26
22.55
18.58
25.00
3
Assam
84
23.15
202.29
90.00
4
Bihar
22.5
0
168.39
55.00
3.00
5
Chhattisgarh
123
4.56
116.43
91.00
3.00
6
Goa
4.5
0
15.00
3.00
7
Gujarat
127
0
117.22
345.00
5.00
8
Haryana
110
0
66.07
43.00
2.00
9
Himachal Pradesh
27.5
0
23.84
30.00
2.00
10
Jammu & Kashmir
47.5
0
19.83
13.00
3.00
11
Jharkhand
34
6.42
101.51
75.00
4.00
12
Karnataka
130
16.73
115.38
405.00
5.00
13
Kerala
39.5
8.28
62.29
22.00
3.00
14
Madhya Pradesh
38.5
21.24
174.38
275.00
3.50
15
Maharashtra
158
19.88
245.14
480.00
4.00
16
Manipur
37
8.99
16.53
40.00
17
Meghalaya
42
0
20.58
40.00
1.50
18
Mizoram
30
18.94
11.80
75.00
1.50
19
Nagaland
32
12.48
37.15
35.00
1.50
20
Odisha
89
7.54
198.80
70.00
4.00
21
Punjab
71
0
90.60
15.00
2.00
22
Rajasthan
90.5
0
160.00
240.00
4.00
23
Sikkim
25
6.89
14.06
70.00
24
Tamil Nadu
98
0
169.30
355.00
2.50
25
Telangana
28
6.69
258.58
348.00
3.00
26
Tripura
44
24.59
53.45
25.00
27
Uttar Pradesh
67
0
333.55
115.00
4.00
28
Uttarakhand
55
14.39
22.78
43.00
29
West Bengal
44
0
194.21
40.00
30
A&N Island
2
0
2.30
31
Chandigarh
0
0
0.20
32
Dadra & Nagar Havali
0.5
0
2.90
33
Daman & Diu
1.5
0
0.50
34
Delhi
0.5
0
3.30
35
Lakshdweep
0.8
0
0.30
36
Pondicherry
3
0
2.70
Total
1846.80
235.16
3244.63
3983.00
64.00

The above statement was submitted by Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare of undermentioned Lok Sabha Question:-
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATION & FARMERS WELFARE 

LOK SABHA 
STARRED QUESTION NO. 124 
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 

FARMERS’ INCOME 

124. SHRI ANANDRAO ADSUL

Will the Minister of AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE कृषी  एवं किसान कल्यान मंत्री be pleased to state: 
  • (a) whether the Government has rolled out new initiatives, schemes, programmes and plans to benefit all the farmers and if so, the details thereof; 
  • (b) whether the Government has reviewed the performance of the schemes implemented for doubling the farmers’ income by 2022 and if so, the shortcomings noticed which create hindrance in doubling the farmers’ income; 
  • (c) the steps taken by the Government to mitigate the shortcomings; 
  • (d) the extent to which these new initiatives, schemes, programmes and plans have improved the quality of life of farmers, especially small and marginal farmers; and 
  • (e) the role of State Governments in implementing the new initiatives, schemes, programmes and plans for the welfare of farmers along with the kind of assistance provided to the State Governments for effective implementation of these schemes? 
ANSWER 
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE कृषी एवं किसान कल्यान मंत्री 
(SHRI RADHA MOHAN SINGH) 

As above
*****

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