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Monday, January 7, 2019

Women Participation In Workforce

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT 

LOK SABHA 
STARRED QUESTION NO. 369 
TO BE ANSWERED ON 7TH JANUARY, 2019 

WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN WORKFORCE 

369. SHRI A.P.JITHENDER REDDY 

Will the Minister of LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state: 
  • (a) the steps taken by the Government since 2017 to reverse the trend of fewer women joining the workforce; 
  • (b) the number of complaints of sexual harassment at workplace reported during the last three years and the current year and the action taken thereon, State/UT and sector-wise; 
  • (c) whether the Government has carried out a study to understand the scope of discrimination in salary based on an individual’s gender and if so, the details and the findings thereof along with the Labour Laws enacted/planned to criminalise or penalize such discrimination; 
  • (d) whether the Government has explored the idea of providing wage replacement through tax exemptions for the period of maternity leave to the employer so that the employers are not discouraged to employ female workers because of maternity leave and resulting cost, if so, the details thereof; and 
  • (e) the steps taken to ensure maternity leave in the informal sector and provide for paternity leave so as to encourage women participation in workforce? 
WOMEN+PARTICIPATION+IN+WORKFORCE
ANSWER 
MINISTER OF STATE (IC) FOR 
LABOUR & EMPLOYMENT 
(SHRI SANTOSH KUMAR GANGWAR) 

(a) to (e)  A Statement is laid on the Table of the House. 

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 369 DUE FOR REPLY ON 07.01.2019 BY SHRI A. P. JITHENDER REDDY REGARDING “WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN WORKFORCE” 

(a) to (e)   Government has taken several initiatives to improve the employ ability of youth including women. A new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has been established to coordinate the skill development schemes across various sectors. In order to enhance the employ ability of female workers, the Government is providing training to them through a network of Women Industrial Training institutes, National Vocational Training Institutes and Regional Vocational Training Institutes. A number of protective provisions have been incorporated in various labour laws for creating congenial work environment for women workers. 

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) collects data on Insult to the modesty of women (section 509 of IPC) at office premises, in places related to work etc. State/UT-wise cases registered cases charge-sheeted, cases convicted, persons arrested, persons charged-sheeted and persons convicted under Insult to the modesty of women including at office premises and in places related to work for crime against women during 2014-2016 is enclosed as Annexure. 

The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 provides for payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers for same work or work of similar nature without any discrimination. Further, under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the wages fixed by the appropriate Government are equally applicable to both male and female workers and the Act does not discriminate on the basis of gender. The Act is enforced by the Central and State Government by conducting regular inspections to detect the violation of provisions of the Act by establishments. The office of Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) in the Central Sphere and State Govt. in State Sphere are the appropriate authorities to conduct inspections to ensure implementation of the provisions of the Act. 

Further, Government has taken various steps to increase female labour participation rate which includes the enactment of the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017, which provides for enhancement in paid maternity leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks and provisions for mandatory crèc he facility in the establishments having 50 or more employees. Government is working on an incentive Scheme for entities that provide 26 weeks maternity benefits to their woman employees as provided for in the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017. To enable an entity to avail of the incentive, the women employees working in their entity should be a wage earner of less than Rs.15000/- per month and a contributing member of Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) for at least one year and not covered by Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC). The scheme is proposed to be administered through Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation and shall be implemented after obtaining the approval of the competent authorities. 

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) to (e) OF THE LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 369 FOR 07-01-2019 REGARDING WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN WORKFORCE. 
Annexure
State/UT-wise Cases Registered (CR),Cases Charge-Sheeted (CCS),Cases Convicted (CON),Persons Arrested (PAR),Persons Charge-sheeted (PCS) and Persons Convicted for Insult to the Modesty of Women under Crimes against Women during 2016
SL State/UT At Office Premises In Places Related to Work
CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV
1 Andhra Pradesh 7 5 0 5 5 0 83 49 11 117 98 12
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
3 Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
4 Bihar 73 61 0 85 73 0 25 13 0 34 20 0
5 Chhattisgarh 4 4 0 4 4 0 13 9 0 14 11 0
6 Goa 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0
7 Gujarat 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 4 0
8 Haryana 3 2 0 5 5 0 13 11 0 16 13 0
9 Himachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
10 Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 0 12 1 0
11 Jharkhand 1 1 0 1 1 0 7 7 1 5 7 1
12 Karnataka 9 2 0 5 3 0 10 8 1 12 13 1
13 Kerala 8 7 0 8 8 0 24 17 0 20 17 0
14 Madhya Pradesh 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 13 4 16 16 5
15 Maharashtra 11 12 0 5 12 0 16 16 4 16 28 4
16 Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0
17 Meghalaya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 Nagaland 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Odisha 0 2 0 3 3 0 15 13 0 14 14 0
21 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
24 Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 46 26 7 46 26
25 Telangana 8 12 2 16 14 3 216 158 3 168 167 4
26 Tripura 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
27 Uttar Pradesh 4 3 0 8 8 0 20 21 0 36 33 0
28 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 West Bengal 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 3 1
TOTAL STATE(S) 130 114 3 146 140 4 482 390 51 496 496 54
30 A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Chandigarh 2 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
32 D&N Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 Delhi UT 9 14 2 22 15 2 40 75 2 277 77 6
35 Lakshadweep 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 Puducherry 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
TOTAL UT(S) 12 17 2 24 17 2 41 76 3 277 78 7
TOTAL (ALL INDIA) 142 131 5 170 157 6 523 466 54 773 574 61
Annexure
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) to (e) OF THE LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 369 FOR 07-01-2019 REGARDING WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN WORKFORCE. 

State/UT-wise Cases Registered (CR),Cases Charge-sheeted (CCS),Cases Convicted (CON),Persons Arrested (PAR),Persons Charge-sheeted (PCS) and Persons Convicted for Insult to the Modesty of Women under Crimes against Women during 2014
SL State/UT At Office Premises In Places Related to Work
CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV
1 Andhra Pradesh 3 2 0 10 2 0 103 81 3 175 94 5
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
3 Assam 1 0 0 1 0 0 16 1 0 16 1 0
4 Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 1 8 8 1
6 Goa 4 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 Gujarat 1 1 0 1 1 0 6 4 0 7 4 0
8 Haryana 1 1 0 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 1 0
9 Himachal Pradesh 1 1 0 2 2 0 8 4 0 10 7 0
10 Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 3 0 6 3 0
12 Karnataka 5 5 0 4 5 0 15 10 0 11 10 0
13 Kerala 0 0 1 0 0 1 3 3 3 4 3 2
14 Madhya Pradesh 1 1 0 1 1 0 4 4 43 4 4 44
15 Maharashtra 27 12 1 26 14 1 115 89 2 208 172 3
16 Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 Meghalaya 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
18 Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 1 7
19 Nagaland 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Odisha 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 12 0 12 12 0
21 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0
22 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 48 22 1 54 27
25 Telangana 32 18 0 15 20 0 169 127 2 128 130 3
26 Tripura 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
27 Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 6 0 18 13 0
28 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 West Bengal 6 5 0 7 5 0 8 7 1 15 15 1
TOTAL STATE(S) 83 47 2 70 52 2 485 408 81 628 533 93
30 A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 2
32 D&N Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 Delhi UT 36 17 3 22 19 3 228 58 15 217 102 15
35 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 Puducherry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTAL UT(S) 36 17 3 22 19 3 229 60 16 219 104 17
TOTAL (ALL INDIA) 119 64 5 92 71 5 714 468 97 847 637 110
Annexure
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) to (e) OF THE LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 369 FOR 07-01-2019 REGARDING WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN WORKFORCE. 

State/UT-wise Cases Registered (CR),Cases Charge-sheeted (CCS),Cases Convicted (CON),Persons Arrested (PAR),Persons Charge-sheeted (PCS) and Persons Convicted for Insult to the Modesty of Women under Crimes against Women during 2014
SL State/UT At Office Premises In Places Related to Work
CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV CR CCS CON PAR PCS PCV
1 Andhra Pradesh 3 2 0 2 2 0 84 96 0 107 100 0
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
4 Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 11 7 13 14 10
6 Goa 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
7 Gujarat 1 1 0 1 1 0 3 4 0 3 6 0
8 Haryana 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
9 Himachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 6 0 7 7 0
11 Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0
12 Karnataka 3 3 0 5 4 0 9 7 0 12 11 0
13 Kerala 6 6 0 6 6 0 3 3 0 3 3 0
14 Madhya Pradesh 1 1 0 1 1 0 21 41 6 50 50 6
15 Maharashtra 10 8 0 12 9 0 48 40 1 47 55 1
16 Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 Meghalaya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 28 0 8 7 0
19 Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Odisha 8 6 0 6 6 0 10 10 0 10 10 0
21 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 3 3 0
22 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 Tamil Nadu 2 2 0 2 2 0 157 104 51 308 226 51
25 Telangana 5 2 0 3 2 0 43 37 5 40 95 5
26 Tripura 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 Uttar Pradesh 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 2 0 2 2 0
28 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 West Bengal 4 1 0 4 1 0 5 3 0 6 3 0
TOTAL STATE(S) 45 34 0 43 36 0 442 398 70 621 596 73
30 A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 2 3 2
32 D&N Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 Delhi UT 11 7 2 8 7 2 25 9 2 20 9 2
35 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 Puducherry 1 1 0 4 4 0 2 2 1 2 2 1
TOTAL UT(S) 12 8 2 12 11 2 27 14 4 24 14 5
TOTAL (ALL INDIA) 57 42 2 55 47 2 469 412 74 645 610 78
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